Armenian Genocide - Donahue 1 Julianna Donahue AP European...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

The preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.
Donahue 1Julianna DonahueAP European HistoryNeusershort -25Spelling and grammar -16259/3004 April 2019The Armenian GenocideThroughout human history, periods of conflict and peace have defined whatcivilizations are present. The way in which these conflicts are carried out has also changed overtime. One of the worst types of conflict is genocide. The United Nations defines genocide as,“...acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religiousgroup” (). One of the most glossed over genocides in history is the Armenian Genocide.TheOttoman Empire was the one of the world’s most powerful and longest lasting empires, spanningfrom the year 1299 to 1922. After the Treaty of Versaille was signed the Ottoman empirecollapsed as stability was not brought to the region. During the last years of the Ottomans ruleover the Middle East and Mediterranean, they committed one of the first modern genocides. TheArmenian Genocide occurred from April 1915 to 1923, and was “the Ottomanturkey?government’s systematic of extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens within theOttoman Empire”(no citation). This genocide was implemented in two phases, first was thekilling of Armenian men or forcing them to labor camps, and second was the deportation ofwomen, children, the sick, and the elderly on death marches to the Syrian desert. The Armenianshad been a part of the Ottoman since the early 16th century, when the Ottomans took overwestern Armenia. As they were citizens of the Ottoman Empire, why did the genocide occur, and
Donahue 2what were its effects?To understand exactly why the genocide occurred one must understand the unstablehistory of the region. Christian and Islamic groups had been fighting the Middle East forcenturies by 1915, but during the years right before the Armenian Genocide the region hadactually been relatively peaceful. This peace quickly ended in 1915 when the genocide began.Armenia was once one of the richest and largest kingdoms present in the Middle East, at onepoint controlling most of Turkey and Iran, and some portions of Russia. When the Ottomans tookcontrol of Armenia, they were one of a long line of invaders; Greece, Rome, Persia, Arabs,Seljuks, and Mongols. The people of Armenia had long been under the control of other peoplewho they did not consider Armenia, and their invaders thought the same of them. The ArmenianGenocide was not caused by a single event, but rather a large build up of many small events thatresulted in the almost destruction of an entire race of people.One major factor that contributed to the Armenian Genocide was the harsh treatment ofArmenians before it occurred. Armenians were considered to be second-class citizens in theOttoman Empire, and could sometimes be treated as if they were not human at all. Armenianscould not bear arms, and could not seek retribution in a court of law. Because of this theArmenians were left at the mercy of the much larger Muslim majority. The Armenians had also

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 10 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
European History, Ottoman Empire, World War I, Armenia, Armenian Genocide, Armenians

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture