Sociology Exam 3 Notes - Sociology of Gender What is gender...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3/18/2008 20/03/2008 13:53:00 Sociology of Gender What is gender, and where does is come from? Do gender differences matter? Do they have real consequences today? IS  there still evidence of gender discrimination today? Word of the Day Inherent o Existing in something as a permanent attribute or quality. o An essential element of something Are men and women different, or are they the same? What is gender? o Gender is not the same as sex. Sex refers to a person’s biological  makeup. Men have an X and Y chromosome. Women have two X  chromosomes. o Gender refers to the set of beliefs, feeling, and behaviors associated  with being male or female. For example, men are cold and rational, while women are  sensitive and emotional. o Gender identity refers to your sense of identification with a particular  gender. Do you identify as a man or woman? o Gender ideology refers to a set or normative ideas about what is  appropriate for men and women. “A woman’s place is at the home.” “Men shouldn’t cry in public.” Where does gender come from? o Essentialism is the idea that gender is rooted in natural or biological  differences between men and women. Men act like men because of testosterone.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Men act like men and women act like women because they  have evolved different strategies to pass along their genes. Men produce millions of sperm every day, while women produce  only a limited number of eggs. Sociologists argue that gender is not given by nature or biology;  it is socially constructed. Gender changes across time.      For example, ideas about  proper womanhood are different today than they were  during the Victorian era. Gender varies from one society to another.      For example,  the willingness to engage in confrontation is the essence  of masculinity in some cultures and the antithesis of  masculinity in other cultures. FAMILY Boys are encouraged to play with trucks, girls with dolls. Boys are asked to mow the lawn, girls are asked to do  the dishes. SCHOOLS Teachers have different expectations of boys and girls.  Boys are good at math, girls are good at writing. Mean and women are generally shown in different poses and  different states of dress. Men are dressed in lots of ways  MISSED NOTES o Does gender still matter? From 1958 to 1998, percentage of men in the work force has  declined, while the percentage of women in the labor force has  increased dramatically Men that have the same education level as women make more  money than women at ever level of education: High school,  college, professional, doctorate.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern