HIT111 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS.docx - HIT111 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Week#1 Question#1 Review the surgical history provide the following


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HIT111 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Week #1 Question #1: Review the surgical history, provide the following in your post. A Identify one or two medical terms in this report. Deconstruct the components of specific medical terms to identify their meanings. In addition, please pay attention to the spelling and pronunciation of the words. B Define the abbreviations found in the surgical report. How did you find the meaning of these abbreviations? C Using what you've learned about word parts, describe the types of surgeries listed in the patient's past surgical history. Answer #1: The patient appears to have an appendicitis which is inflammation (-itis) of the appendix, and will need appendectomy to solve the presenting symptoms and pain. As for his past surgical history, they are nothing too abnormal or anything of major concern. He had 3 prior surgeries throughout his early childhood years. A tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils due to inflammation known as tonsillitis. He also underwent an adenoidectomy (in no particular order listed,) aden meaning gland, and -ectomy meaning the surgical removal, which means he had a gland taken out, that could have been due to a number of reasons which was not specified. His third surgery was conducted at age 4 and was a umbilical hernia repair. To understand what this meant I broke down the words by their meaning. Umbilical means the navel or belly button region and a hernia protrudes through the structure where natural tissues are supposed to be. Repair is to fix something, so the patient had a repair done to his navel area due to a clump of abnormal tissues protruding outward. As I was reviewing the Surgical History I noticed six different abbreviations. I used appendix B in the book “Medical Terminology for Health Professions” to the words correlating with abbreviations and then the index to find the correct page so that I can understand the meaning of these words/abbreviations. The first abbreviation I noticed was under the patients family history, this was COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, which is a lifelong disease of the lungs that makes it hard for a person to breathe. I found this information on page 201. The next one was located under the general physical exam and was HEENT. HEENT stands for an examination of the Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat. In the proceeding section titled Laboratory Data there were 3 abbreviations, WBC, CO2, and BUN. All three are different tests run to ensure bodily functions are preforming normally. WBC stands for White 1
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HIT111 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Blood Cell Count and is important to preform with the patients presented symptoms, because a high white blood cell count can show whether there is any inflammation and or infections in the body (pg 448.) A CO2 (Carbon Dioxide intake) test is conducted to make sure the patient’s lungs are preforming properly and not taking in too much carbon dioxide. BUN stands for Blood Urea Nitrogen, and is preformed to measure the amount
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