Exam3 Study Notes - Identifications Romulus and Remus the...

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Identifications 11/12/2007 16:55:00 Romulus and Remus the mythical founder of the city Rome (which is named after Romulus) o mythical, traditional date given April 21 st , 753 B.C. descendant of Aeneas separated by thirteen generations twin brothers, abandoned by an evil king, raised by a she-wolf o according to tradition, fathered by Rhea Silvia and the god Mars Romulus slew Remus over dispute about which one of the two would rule the new city and gave it its name o hence, “ Roma o Romulus, therefore, was the traditional first king of Rome Aeneas a Trojan hero, fled the city in the aftermath of the Trojan war son of a Trojan prince and the goddess Venus (Aphrodite in Greek mythology) according to the mythical legend told in the Aeneid by Virgil, Aeneas was guided by the gods (with special favor from his mother-goddess Venus) to settle in Italy o along the way, contact with the Phoenician queen Dido established a kingdom that would later (after thirteen generation) spawn Romulus and Remus, mythical founder of the city of Rome in (traditional) April 21 st , 753 B.C. paterfamilias literally translated: “father (head) of the family” highest ranking male in a Roman household
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in Roman family unit, the paterfamilias is responsible for and possesses absolute power over members of his household, even his adult sons o this is the pater potestas , “paternal power” o this include, in theory, the right to sell or even kill (at the very extreme) o in practice, however, the organization of a familia is more aristocratic o “household” here includes also slaves, land and material possessions as well as immediate relatives o as the basic unit of the Roman society, forms a strongly patriarchal society Twelve Tables During the struggle of the orders (494–287 B.C. ), where the plebeians sought after economic security and political equality with the patricians, the Twelve Tables were codified. published in 451–450 B.C. proposed by a plebeian Terentilius in 462 B.C. , long opposed by patricians until finally drawn in 451-450 B.C. drawn by a Decemvirate, a board of ten men Rome’s, first written code of law, it preserved preexisting customs o e.g. ban of intermarriage between the classes (rescinded later in 445 B.C. ) o modeled after the Solonian constitution of Greek city-states of the time lex Hortensia (Hortensian laws) the final result of a long class struggle (struggle of the orders, 494–287 B.C. ) between patricians and plebeians drawn in 287 B.C. , allowing plebeians elected by the plebeian Assembly to gain status law, binding for all the law was named after the dictator appointed to deal with the issue of the plebeian secession, Quintus Hortensius
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leges Liciniae Sextiae (Lician-Sextian laws) a Roman law passed in 367 B.C.
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