LECTURE_22_Hist1A - LECTURE 22 THE PAX ROMANA Pax...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

LECTURE 22: THE PAX ROMANA Pax Romana (Roman Peace), 14-180 -greatest peace in the history of Rome -3 main stages -Rule of the Julio-Claudians 14-68 -emperors from the line of Augustus -After year of anarchy in 68-69 the rule of the Flavian dynasty -five good emperors 96-180 Julio-Claudians -the union of the Julian family and Claudian family -following rulers related to Augustus through blood or marriage -when Augustus died in succeeded by Tiberius -ease of succession showed how well Augustus controlled the principate -Tiberius (r. 14-37) -moved from Rome to Capri in the bay of Naples -become more bad tempered and paranoid as time went on -one attempt on his life nipped in the bud -used Roman law of treason several times -used informers -compelled Senate to sit as a law court and hear treason trials -had completely alienated the senate by his death -Succeeded by Gauis aka "Caligula" Little Boot -Caligula (r. 37-41) -became gravely ill at beginning of his rule but got better at expense of his sanity -popular amongst the people since he reduced taxes and spent a lot on public entertainment -Senate and nobles considered him a raving maniac and insane -Caligula insisted on being worshipped as a god while still alive -insisted on sacrifices to him, made sisters goddesses -appointed his horse to the Senate -did not have any foreign policy that effected history -planned to invade Britain, went to coast of France with army, built lighthouse -attempt on his life which succeeded and resulted in his death, his wife's and his daughter -Claudius (r. 41-54) -found hiding behind curtain at Caligula's assassination and saluted as emperor -rewarded praetors by paying 15,000 sestorians to each man -mocked by family due to physical impediment, but was the most intelligent and least insane emperor since Augustus -was a serious scholar having written histories on the Carthaginians and the reign of Augustus -most significant contribution to the development of the principate was the creation of cabinet hosts -created five departments of government each headed by a secretary
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern