History 1A - Phillips - ID Study Guide for Final

History 1A - Phillips - ID Study Guide for Final - 1...

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1. Romulus and Remus (Lecture 15) 1.1. 2. Aeneas 2.1. The Aeneid is the title of a Greek epic written by Virgil in the 1 st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the story of Aeneas 2.2. Aeneas was known from his role in Homer’s Illiad as a lieutenant of Hector 2.3. He was the son of Anchises and Venus, and after the fall of Troy, he went to Italy w/ other refugees from the battle and is said to have become the found of the Roman Culture 3. Paterfamilias (Lecture 15) 3.1. This was the highest ranking male in a Roman household 3.2. Considered the absolute owner of the family, including the children, the children’s families, land, animals, and slaves 3.3. The family would remain in control of the paterfamilias until he died 3.4. He even had the power to kill anyone in his family, except his wife as she was also property of her father 3.5. On the death of the father, each of his sons became a paterfamilias of their own families 4. Twelve Tables (Lecture 17) 4.1. Was a monumental step for the plebians in the Struggle for Orders as all laws had, in a way, kept secret from the public 4.2. Finally, the patricians appointed a decemvirate, a board of ten men, to draw up a law code 4.3. This law code, which is similar to our Bill of Rights, was finished in 449 BC and these laws would apply to both patricians and plebians 4.4. Most of these laws were memorized by plebians as a lot of them were illiterate and the Twelve Tables were actually used in school as basic text for education 4.5. The laws dealt with issues concerning debt, family integrity, slander, and money 4.6. An example comes from table 3, which says that a person who is in debt must be given 30 days to pay and only after that 30 days can he be taken to court and after three market days without payment, may kill the debtor if they wish 5. Lex Hortensia (Hortensian Law) (Lecture 17) 5.1. In 287 BC, the Hortensian Law was passed that established all decisions made in the “council of the plebians” would bind to the whole state 5.2. This mean that the plebians now had the absolute legal right to pass laws and had equal political rights as the patricians 5.3. This law marked the end of the Struggle of Orders between the patricians and plebians 5.4. Although the passing of this law made Rome more of a democracy, time would show that the Roman Republic would still remain as an oligarchy since most laws were introduced and accepted or rejected before being brought to the Plebian council 5.5. Tiberius Gracchus would later use this law to bypass the Senate in the passing of his agrarian law in 133 BC 6. Leges Liciniae Sextiae (Licinian-Sextian Laws) (Lecture 17) 6.1. Considered of the biggest victories for the plebains in 367 BC in the Struggle of the Orders 6.2. Two tribunes, Licinius and Sextius, created a bill that introduced 3 strong reforms intro Rome in favor of the plebians: 6.2.1. First, it abolished military tribunes gaining consular power and re-instated the consulship, of which 1 of the 2 consuls had to be a plebian
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course HIST 1A taught by Professor Wagner during the Fall '07 term at UCLA.

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History 1A - Phillips - ID Study Guide for Final - 1...

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