January 7th- RELI 2732 - January 7 2019 Reli 2732 first class Learning outcomes EXAMS ARE BASED ON THESE Define memento mori thanatology Iron

January 7th- RELI 2732 - January 7 2019 Reli 2732...

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January 7, 2019 Reli 2732- first class Learning outcomes- EXAMS ARE BASED ON THESE - Define: memento mori , thanatology, Iron Crutch Li, taphophobia, “brain death,” phenomenology, epoché, cosmology, soteriology, discourse community - Explain: the Buddhist parable of the mustard seed, the Wari explanation of mortuary cannibalism, the characteristics of religious ritual, van Gennep’s rite of passage , - Consider: different definitions of “death” (and the significance thereof), issues with the comparative study of religion Memento mori - the remembrance of death – being conscious of death - Artistic trope - Referred to the role of the consciousness of death during this period- that it was unavoidable - Symbolism and union between knowledge and the inevitability of death - Centrality of death in early modern life - Today we very rarely have to encounter death - Not just that it was a constant thing- the reason we need to be conscious with death was because of religion – that’s when the lord comes and that is when judgement comes - Everyone is ruled by death - In our culture we have done everything we can to distance ourselves from death much unlike many other culures Thanology Positioned at the intersection of religious studies and thanatology. - Thanatology → literally, the “study of death.” - Exploration of the physical, psychological, and social issues surrounding the experience of death. Key questions What dies? - At what point does soemthing shift from living to death When does death occur? One traditional view: cessation of breath. (as soon as lungs stop inflating and deflating) Chinese example: Old Iron Crutch Li (Li Tieguai) - A dowest adept- he was able to leave body and travel to heavens and when he was gone his body was like a corpse because spirit had left him- he had an assistant that would
watch over the dead body (it was not buried because in China they don’t bury for a couple days) - Because it was not clear when moment of death occurred - He said he would always be back within 7 days – - His assistant hear his mother was ill so he burned the body after waiting 6 days to take care of his mother but he was not dead and when he came back he could not go into his old body so he started to look for another body to occupy and could only find an old begger - He took up residence in it - It was ok to burn his body after 7 days because he wanted to be a thelestrail being and he would no longer need his body after this - Dualistic view Euro-American example: the problem of taphophobia - Fear of being buried alive - Created safety coffins- a way for individuals to tell others if they are buried they are still alive - Speaks to the fact that the traditional mode of determining death was unreliable and we did not know the moment of death Brain death - Issues with transportation in vitality became increasingly important - Organ donation – they must be dead before you can harvest organs but cant be dead for too long so the organs will still work -

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