PhilosophyandtheIndustrialRevolution.pptx - Philosophy and...

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Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations (1776) laissez-faire and the “invisible hand” Robert Malthus, Essay on Population (1798) Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species (1859) Exponential & Incremental “Survival of the Fittest”—Herbert Spencer Philosophy and the Industrial Revolution
“Powerhouse Mechanic Working on a Stamp Pump,” Lewis Hine, 1920 Sociali sm
Karl Marx, 1818- 1883 Hegel’s Dialectics → Marx’s Dialectical Materialism Thesis → Antithesis → Synthesis Synthesis = New Thesis Primitivity → Feudalism → Capitalism → Socialism → Communism Communism = no private property, classless society Class Identity > National Identity Materialism
Marxism Private property and capital—what are they? Belongings v. private property: do you make $? Capital =s makes $ for itself (e.g., factory, oil field etc.); don’t have to work Capitalist (bourgeoisie) v. Working Class (proletariat): Do you have to work or

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