EDPSY Lectures Exam 1

EDPSY Lectures Exam 1 - EDPSY Lectures 1/16/08 Vicarious...

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EDPSY Lectures 1/16/08 Vicarious reinforcement - you see someone do something for a certain reason and you do the same behavior expecting the same results Example: Steve stands up in class Teacher yells at Steve and tells him to sit Steve likes the attention and recognition Steve’s behavior increases The teacher reinforced Steve’s bad behavior Practice does not make perfect Practice with feedback can make perfect Quality can actually decrease if there is no feedback Content Knowledge vs. Pedagogical Knowledge (what you know vs. how well you can teach) At PSU, most professors have tons of content knowledge and barely any pedagogical knowledge *Must have a balance of both to be an effective teacher Problem Solving Approach (step by step): 1. Observe – Find/ID a problem via behavior 2. Generate Hypotheses – reasons why the problem could occur 3. Test Hypotheses – see which reason causes the problem 4. Observe the results – is the problem fixed? \ 5. If fixed then move on to next problem 6. If not fixed then go back to the beginning and try again Example Jon does not do his homework in math class. Why? Could be: 1. Time 2. Home environment 3. Laziness 4. Doesn’t understand material 5. Doesn’t understand directions 6. Lack of motivation Pick one reason and test it to see if that is the root of the problem What is learning? -We come up with metaphors and similes to learn because it is easier for us to comprehend - Learning can be passive and knowledge is active - The mind is like a muscle - The more you use it, the better you get with it Edward Thorndike- famous educational psychologist that debunked “the mind is an empty vessel” -By sitting in a lecture like this class, we are using the empty vessel theory of learning High Schools are like an assembly line -Put the kids in the hallway, move them from class to class, dump info in their heads, and send them along their way
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1/18/08 Operant Conditioning- increasing or decreasing something to change behavior; worried about the reaction, not the giving or taking Two strategies: 1. Reinforcement- consequences that will increase a behavior A. Positive- give something to increase the behavior B. Negative- take something away to increase the behavior 2. Punishment A. Presentation- give something to decrease behavior B. Removal- take something away to decrease the behavior Positive example: Give a piece of candy when students answer a question correctly Negative example: I want you to drive the speed limit. If you speed, I will take away your car keys Presentation example: You speed and the cops give you a ticket Yell at Steve to sit down in class Removal example: Time out You speed and the cops suspend your license You can also ignore- praise/ignore strategy Satiation- do the behavior repeatedly until they are tired of it Example: Dropping pencils in class (teacher made them do it repeatedly) Problems with removal (according the Skinner): 1. it has external control 2. it only suppresses the behavior temporarily
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course EDTHP 115 taught by Professor Freie,carriedani during the Fall '07 term at Penn State.

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EDPSY Lectures Exam 1 - EDPSY Lectures 1/16/08 Vicarious...

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