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Political Science Lectures

Political Science Lectures - Political Science Lectures...

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Political Science Lectures 1/15/08 Comparative Politics- the systematic study and comparison of the world’s political systems -ID’s similarities and differences -ID’s patterns and change -Develops general hypothesis to explain trends -Maybe even predict future decisions? -Comparative politics is neutral, unbiased and a subfield of political science -It focuses on domestic politics of other nations Subfields of Political Science: 1. Comparative Politics 2. International Relations 3. American Politics 4. Political Theory 5. Political Administration -International relations focuses on relationships among multiple nations Single country study- only possible when comparative language is used Thematic Study- topic is the main focus, not the country Ex. Comparing military strategies of nations Comparative method- scientific method of study Others are: 1. Experimental 2. Statistical -Must have a control and variable group in all 3 methods Comparative method example: Why Would a Revolution Occur? Country A Country B Factor + + High peasant population + + Uneven distribution of wealth + + Authoritarian political culture + xxx Presence of revolutionary political party Revolution No Revolution (Factor 4 is only difference) Q: Is comparative politics a science? -Some say yes and others say no -It is different from natural and physical sciences -US is the only nation to call it political science -Also depends on what definition of science you use -Called a “Soft Science” as a result
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Chapter 2 Key Terms 1. Distribution- dispersing benefits to various groups (output) 2. Environment- 3. Extraction- taxes, tariffs etc (an output) 4. Functions- 5. Globalization- the interdependence of nations that has been increasing for the last few decades 6. Governments- organizations of individuals who have the power to make binding decisions on behalf of a specific community; the policy making part of a political system 7. Inputs- the needs and demands of a nation that are met by outputs 8. Interdependence- countries now rely on each other for resources, protection, and trade more than ever 9. Interest Aggregation- combines demands into policy proposals backed by significant political resources 10. Interest Articulation- individuals and groups expressing their needs and demands 11.
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