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Running Head: ISIS 1 Use of Music Songs by the ISIS Author’s name Institutional affiliation
ISIS 2 Introduction According to Bertram (2016), the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) refers to an Islamic terror group whose origins are indivisibly tied to Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi who is the known pioneer of this group. In his teens, his father died, he dropped out of school and started engaging in petty theft. His mother, to protect him from more demoralization, she enrolled him in Islamic courses. In 1989, he began his career as an inspiring jihadist after traveling to Afghanistan where he joined the Mujahedeen fight against the Red Army. In 1994, Zarqawi was arrested for being in possession of gun and explosives. In prison, he formed a new fighting group and actively recruited people and with this, due to his charisma and leadership, he quickly gained respect from other detainees (Friis, 2015). After being released from prison, Zarqawi reached out to Osama Bin Laden the then leaders of Al-Quider who agreed to offer financial support and set up training camps, ISIS began. Whether they are called "monsters" or "outlaws of Islam", today, ISIS is the largest and the modern terrorist group causing threat to the security of the world. Recently, to spread terror, pro-jihad propaganda the group has enrolled in use of videos and music (Meleagrou-Hitchens, 2017). Basically, they are used to encourage people to join the group and kill. According to Zelin (2014), ISIS has several demographics including members from different ethnicities, agendas, and ages. The former followers of Baathist, a Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq make up a considerable group of this organization. After the US military's intervention, some of the individuals that were not put into prison went into hiding. After the military withdrew from Iraq, this was the ideal time for creating the ISIS, which at that time was the Al Qaeda (Friis, 2015). The teaming up of the Baathist and other small insurgent groups led to the formation of the Islamic State of Iraq. The organization has occupied a substantial are in Iraq and Syria and have caused chaos that has led to murders and terrorizing
ISIS 3 thousands and driving other away from their homes (Gunter, 2015). The aim of this essay is to critically discuss how ISIS uses the songs, "On Va Pas Se LaisserAbattre", ‘Lana al-Murhafat' and ‘Dawlati Baqia' to talk to people and convince them to join the organization for either extending their killing activities and for other benefits like wealth accumulation. In 2014, after a series of victories, the ISIS gained control over a territory, Belgium’s size with an estimated population of 8 million people (Cronin, 2015). In the same year, the ISIS forced about 4 million people to flee their homes and this lead to an extraordinary refugee crisis in the Middle East and in Europe. This caused activity by the ISIS cause death and shock to the world and to this terror group, it acted as a recruitment tool which attracted people from all over the world to join its ranks. In June 2014, as Bertram (2016) points, the ISIS declared caliphate (a

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