EDUC631_Literature Review Rough Draft_Green_Jerome.docx - 1...

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1 Running head: ROUGH DRAFT Literature Review Rough Draft Topic: Educational Technology for Students with Special Needs Jerome Green Liberty University
2 ROUGH DRAFT Abstract The author of this literature review seeks to provide information and awareness about the use of educational technology in the field of special education. The review answers the question “What is educational technology” and provides some examples of educational and assistive technology. The author describes some of the limitations of general use educational technology, as well as benefits, while also identifying the need for outside-the-box thinking for outlier situations related to special education. In addition to presenting information about educational technology, the author provides some information regarding how information technology could be used to support some of the non-academic accommodations requested by students with autism. Furthermore, the author discusses the attitudes of special education teacher candidates toward educational technology, as well as some of the reasons why existing teachers may have reluctance to utilize educational technology for special education outlier situations. Lastly, the author provides information about how supporting teachers to view “extreme” situations as an opportunity to support the educational environment (i.e. classroom, school) a whole can be an effective way to encourage teachers and administrators to embrace educational technology in special education. Keywords : education, technology, special needs, special education, educational technology, inclusion, mobile learning, assistive technology, autism
3 ROUGH DRAFT Introduction The use of technology in the world seems to be ever-increasing. Humanity has moved from counting small numbers using sticks and to being able to use a myriad of programs that have the ability to instantaneously compute various formulas from strings of 100+ numbers. Though there may some debate, it is a generally held belief that society as a whole has benefited from advances in technology. As stated by McGinnis[CITATION McG16 \n \t \l 1033 ], “information technology changes the world by using information to better deploy material resources. Because of the nature of our accelerating technology, that information rapidly becomes common property, benefiting everyone” [CITATION McG16 \p 47 \n \y \t \l 1033 ]. As with society as a whole, it can be said that the world of education has greatly benefited from advances in technology. Looking simply at the way in which writing occurs, education has progressed from simple writing instruments of stone and lead to graphite pencils and on to word processors. The advances in technology have been supportive in many areas of education, allowing for students of all levels to learn and grow. For this literature review, we will look at ways in which educational technology can be used to support the learning and growth of students with disabilities, frequently referred to as special needs students within the special education arena.

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