LectureOutline9-Midchild

LectureOutline9-Midchild - Lecture Outline – Lecture 9...

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Lecture Outline – Lecture 9:  Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Physical Development:  A Focus on Childhood Obesity The Obesity Epidemic Definitions of obesity – 20% higher than ideal weight.  Adults – overweight BMI 25-29.9; obese  BMI>30  In children >95 th  age sex specific percentile. Increasing prevalence across the nation – obesity is increasing rapidly among children, youth, and  adults in US.  65% of US adults are overweight or obese.  15% of children and teens 6-19 are  obese.  Prevalence of being overweight in US for children 6-11 has increased 325% from 1974 to  1999.  Increases found in all regions, urban/rural, both sexes, and all ethnic groups, rich and poor. Important Forces Contributing to Rising Rates/Weights F – Food producers and fast food industry.  Proliferation of fast food restaurants.  Soda and sugary  foods in school (vending machines).  Super sizing of portions (portion sizes in Paris are 25% less than  those in Philadelphia.   A – Advertising for food.  The food industry spends $40+ billion a year.  Young children view about  30000 commercials a year, more than half of which are for food.  (Fast food, soft drinks, sugar cereals,  candy) A – Activity reduction in school.  Reductions in PE programs: 1969 -80% every day.  1999 – 20%
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