RHEZYL ANNE G. ARROYO BSA-2BHISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF BADMINTONBadminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may beplayed with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" (with one player per side)and "doubles" (with two players per side). Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in ayard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by strikingthe shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court. Each sidemay only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. Play ends once the shuttlecock hasstruck the floor or if a fault has been called by the umpire, service judge, or (in their absence) theopposing side.The shuttlecock is a feathered or (in informal matches) plastic projectile which flies differently from theballs used in many other sports. In particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing theshuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly. Shuttlecocks also have a high top speed compared to the balls inother racquet sports. The flight of the shuttlecock gives the sport its distinctive nature.The game developed in British India from the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. European playcame to be dominated by Denmark but the game has become very popular in Asia, with recentcompetitions dominated by China. Since 1992, badminton has been a Summer Olympic sport with fourevents: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, and women's doubles, with mixed doublesadded four years later. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobicstamina, agility, strength, speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motorcoordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements.HistoryGames employing shuttlecocks have been played for centuries across Eurasia,[a] but the modern gameof badminton developed in the mid-19th century among the British as a variant of the earlier game ofbattledore and shuttlecock. ("Battledore" was an older term for "racquet". Its exact origin remainsobscure. The name derives from the Duke of Beaufort's Badminton House in Gloucestershire, but why orwhen remains unclear. As early as 1860, a London toy dealer named Isaac Spratt published a bookletentitled Badminton Battledore – A New Game, but no copy is known to have survived An 1863 article inThe Cornhill Magazine describes badminton as "battledore and shuttlecock played with sides, across astring suspended some five feet from the ground"The game may have originally developed among expatriate officers in British India where it was verypopular by the 1870s. Ball badminton, a form of the game played with a wool ball instead of ashuttlecock, was being played in Thanjavur as early as the 1850s and was at first played interchangeablywith badminton by the British, the woollen ball being preferred in windy or wet weather.