2nd Exam IDs - Saul 1st Century AD Saint Paul's pre-Roman...

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Saul - 1 st Century AD - Saint Paul’s pre-Roman name - Born in Tarsus, Greece as a member of the Diaspora, the millions of Jews living outside of Palestine; preached throughout synagogues in Roman Empire - Most important missionary, teachings represented a break with Judaism and a new religion aimed for all humankind, Christianity Council of Jerusalem - 1 st Century AD - The Council discussed in the Book of Acts that was held to discuss the stance of early Christianity - Led to a division between Paul’s teachings that the traditional acts of Judaism (circumcision, etc.) are not necessary for his Faith - Led to the foundational split between Christianity and Judaism that continued throughout the spread of the New Faith Council of Nicaea - 4 th Century AD - First assembly of bishops from all over the Roman world in Nicaea (present- day Turkey) - Ruled God and Christ are of the same substance, and they are equal; condemned Arius and followers as heretics - Became the basis for the Nicene Creed, which remains the official doctrine of the church Head of Constantine - 4 th Century AD - Statue built in Rome by Constantine’s opponent Maxentius - Commemorates the first Christian Emperor of Rome, accredited with spreading it throughout the Empire - Without Constantine, the Western spread of Christianity could have taken an entirely different course if it even survived at all Donation of Constantine - 4 th Century AD - A document written by Roman Emperor Constantine when moving the capital to Constantinople - Bestowed the pope dominion over all of the western Empire - Debated a millennium later by Lorenzo Valla, humanist scholar, in his attack on the papacy and the extent of its power
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Arianism - 4 th Century AD - Led by Arius, a Greek priest in Alexandria - Faction of Christianity deemed by Council of Nicaea as heretics, considered Christ more than man but less than God - Decision condemning Arianism led to Nicene Creed, foundational doctrine of the church; also, many Aryans were killed by fellow Christians Justinian - 6 th Century AD - First great Byzantine ruler, strongly assisted by wife Theodora - Originated Corpus Juris Civilis, which became the official body of law of Byzantine Empire and later Western Europe Corpus Juris Civilis - 6 th Century AD -
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