CSA 2 Borrowing.pdf - Ashley Davis LING 430 19 February...

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Ashley Davis LING 430 19 February 2019 CSA #2 Chapter 3: Borrowing Loanwords, Linguistic Borrowing, Donor and Recipient Languages Loanwordsare words from one language that are borrowed by another. This process is called linguistic borrowing.These languages that borrow from one another can be referred to as: The donor language(the language that gives the word) The recipient language (the language that acquires the word) Why Do Languages Borrow From One Another? There are 3 reasons why one language may borrow words from another: Need- a new term is required for a newly acquired item. Ex) ‘tobacco’ (Finnish tupakka, Indonesian tembakau, Japanese tabako, ultimately from Arabic tabāq ‘a herb which produced euphoria’ via Spanish tabaco. Prestige- the foreign term is highly esteemed. These are also called luxuryloans. Ex) English ‘pork’ < French porc [French at the time of the Norman French dominance (1066-1300), was much higher in prestige and social status than English] Negative evaluation- borrowing a term for a derogatory reason. Ex) Korean hɔstis‘women who works in brothels’ < English hostess How Do Words Get Borrowed? New words are introduced to a language by bilinguals and are changed to conform to native sounds and phonetic constraints. Some phonological changes include: Adaptation(phoneme substitution)

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