Colonial and Hellenistic Greece

Colonial and Hellenistic Greece - Greek Colonization By 8th...

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Greek Colonization - By 8 th  to 6 th  (750 to 550) B.C. Greek colonies,  Magna Graecia  to Romans (Great  Greece), spread into Italy and Sicily, Spain to Asia Minor - Spread out, allowing poleis space and preventing civil wars to extent - Encouraged trade and industry throughout Mediterranean - Over 1,000 poleis—crisis of money and aristocracy in small % - Tyrants emerged between 700-500 B.C. through popularity races and support from hoplites and military - At end of tyrannical states, they had provided econ prosperity, increased comm., and a sense of individuality and unique cultural changes - Sparta and Athens main states, different governments and cultures - Persian War—Battle of Marathon, Thermoplyae (300), Plataea and Mycale Peloponnesian Wars - The Delian League soon formed followed by Athenian empire - First Peloponnesian War (460 B.C.) between Athens and Sparta led to Thirty Years’ Peace giving formal recognition to Athenian Empire - Under Pericles, Athens developed freest government yet seen o Popular assembly approved state’s decisions o Judicial Decisions reviewed by random citizens - Women’s responsibility to produce male heirs to oikos, or households - Great Peloponnesian War started in 432 B.C. when Sparta declared war on
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