Dev. Psych.docx - Philosophicxal Views ● Plato emphasized self control and discipline children are born with innate knowledge ● Aristotle child

Dev. Psych.docx - Philosophicxal Views ● Plato emphasized...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 37 pages.

Philosophicxal Views Plato - emphasized self control and discipline/ children are born with innate knowledge Aristotle- child rearing should be based on the individual child/ knowledge comes from experience Locke- “tabula rasa” (clean slate) similar to Aristotle/ should exert a lot of control in early stages Rosseau- should give children maximum freedom Industrial Revolution Earl of Shaftesbury- (mid 1840s) adjusted child labor laws/ commissioned a committee to study child labor law conditions Darwin- (1877) baby biographies to first track development of children 5 Theoretical Perspectives 1) Biological Maturational- Gesell- development is the natural unfolding of a “a prearranged biological plan”/experience matters little Ethological- Konrad Lorenz- adaptive behaviors with survival values (evolutionary theory)/ ”critical periods” includes language / imprinting - phase sensitive learning that has critical period 2) PsychoAnalytic Stage theory- development is determined by how a child resolves conflicts at a certain age / assumption is it is universal meaning we go through the same sequence 3) Psychosocial Development (Erikson) Defined by a series of unique challenges (trust v. mistrust) Influenced by Freud 4) Social Learning Perspective Experience and environment form development Classic and Operant Conditioning (Watson and Skinner) Based on child’s understanding of the world Self efficacy - one’s belief in one’s ability to complete a task (Bandura) 5) Cognitive Development Piaget’s Theory- Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, Formal Operational Children’s efforts to understand the world as they grow Children’s thinking changes as they grow Information Processing Theory- Children process information they receive 6) Contextual Perspective Vygotsky- parent’s role in conveying culture to their children
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Bronfenbrenner - Interacting Systems - 4 systems in a child’s environment Research Methods Clever Hans- horse that picked up on subtle cues from his master and did math Conducting Developmental Research 1) Systematic Observation - observing behavior as it naturally occurs ^ if structured - creates a type of environment to elicit a certain response 2) Self Reports- asking children about a topic of interests 3) Task Performance - have a child perform a task Reliability Consistency in measurement; does this measure give similar results if repeated Validity Accuracy in measurement Designs Longitudinal - the same individuals are observed or tested repeatedly at different points in their lives Cross Sectional- samples of children of different ages are observed or tested at one point in their development The Biology of Heredity Karyotype - # and visual appearance of chromosomes cell nuclei of an organism Last pair- sex chromosomes/ 1st pair - autosomes Genotype- genetic makeup of a cell Phenotype - expression of genotype Alleles - alternate form of a gene/ hetero and homozygous
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes