Medieval Thought - Revival of Learning Education Roman...

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Revival of Learning - Education, Roman literature, Gothic cathedrals, Latin language re-emerged throughout Europe from England to Sicily - Islamic civilization had preserved ancient Greek text, etc. and served as cultural link between its past and the 12 th Century Awakening - Universities began to emerge spontaneously (Roman Law at Bologna) - Students sometimes partook in actions such as drunken violence and rioting (Oxford University) Medieval World-View - Not the individual, but the Creator determined what constituted the good life - Geocentric theory basis of astronomy, Christianity constituted belief in cosmos, God, and higher power - Earth composed of earth, air, fire and water; celestial bodies composed of “ether,” a substance too pure for earth - A hierarchy instituted by and culminating in God led to understanding of self - Knowledge of the spiritual surpassed importance of worldly knowledge - Neither nature nor human could be understood apart from God and His revelation. Expressed by scholastic philosophy,
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