The Roman Empire

The Roman Empire - Augustus and Early Empire Reconciled his...

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Augustus and Early Empire - Reconciled his military monarchy with republican institutions (~abs. power) - Rule of Augustus (formerly Octavian) and successors called principate - Introduced autocratic rule and practice of Emperor worship (27 B.C. began) - Brought water to homes, beautified Rome, established fire and police force - During his 40 year reign, Rome overcame chaos, revolution, civil war - For next 200 years, Pax Romana around the Mediterranean - First 4 succeeding empires constituted the Julio-Claudian dynasty (14-68 AD) - Jews launched a revolt against Vespasian dynasty in 66 AD, temple destroyed - Nerva in 96 AD to Marcus Aurelius (161-180) in AD 180 “Five Great Emperors” (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Aurelius) - Augustus’ reign peak of Roman cultural life and Latin literature The Roman Empire - Constructive Rule continued throughout Roman Rule (roads, aqueducts, safe seas, etc.) - Women could own property, slaves were treated less harshly - Adoption of Greek scientific thought, philosophy, medicine geography -
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