Exam 1 Notes - Drama 116 Study Guide 1 The Poetics A work...

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Drama 116 Study Guide 1 The Poetics - A work by Aristotle providing one of the earliest and most influential theories of drama, which began by explaining it as a mimesis Mimesis - The imitation of an action - How Aristotle described drama in the Poetics Drama vs. Ritual - Greek drama was first performed during yearly religious celebrations for Dionysus - Japanese drama developed around Buddhism and expressed Buddhist values - The rebirth of Western Drama in the Middle Ages took place first in monasteries, and then in cathedrals Theatres and their effects - The arena in ancient Greece brought intimacy between audience and actors; its regularity with specific seating gave the community a sense of order - Medieval theater played in mansions inside and outside the churches; gave audience a sense of community (sometimes actors came into crowd) - Elizabethan playhouse was a large wooden structure built out into a courtyard; surrounded by groundlings (cheapest seats) in front row - The proscenium stage of the 19 th century distanced the audience from the stage, giving the illusion actors are in their own separate world - Theater in the Round , an old Greek concept, was revitalized to keep the audience out of the security of anonymity. - Twenty-first century theater combines all types of stages, and sometimes takes place in nontheatrical settings like warehouses Genres of Drama - Tragedy demands a specific worldview, brings to harmatia , a wrong act leading people to a tragic end o Emphasis on one plot, noble hero, shift from ignorance to awareness of truth, plot more important than character - Comedy developed along 2 lines in ancient Greece o Farce, or Old Comedy is light drama characterized by broad satirical comedy and improbable plots o New Comedy is a more refined view on the condition of society o Not always necessarily meant to be funny, sometimes more serious message - Tragicomedy is used to refer to serious plays since the 17
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