CLASS_Political_Developments_Latin_America_and_Caribbean.pptx - Political and Social Developments in Latin America and the Caribbean 1945-80 DO NOW \u2022

CLASS_Political_Developments_Latin_America_and_Caribbean.pptx

This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 52 pages.

Political and Social Developments in Latin America and the Caribbean1945-80
Background image
DO NOWWhat led to the Spanish-American War?What was the Good Neighbor Policy?
Background image
Colonial CubaSpanish colony dominated by slave-produced sugar on plantationsRepetitive rebellions in late 19thcentury led to abolition of slavery in 1886José Martbecame Cuban rebel leader and martyrUS corporations increasingly invested in CubaUS military intervened in Spanish-American War(1898-1901)Cuba gained independence but only candidates who followed pro-US policies won in rigged electionsPlatt Amendment(1901) embedded in new constitution: made Cuba an American protectorateUS could legally militarily intervene to protect its interestsCuba could only make treaties with the US
Background image
Post-Independence CubaUS intervened in Cuba (1906, 1912, 1917) to protect American sugar, banking, telecommunications, tourismLed to growing anti-American resentment by CubansRepressive government of Gerardo Machado(r. 1925-33) forced to resignEconomic instability caused by the Great Depression ensured widespread support or student protestsSergeant’s Revolt(Sep. 1933): non-commissioned officers arrested army officers and supported student protestors in overthrow of provisional governmentWeak and corrupt “puppet presidents” ruled (1934-40) Fulgencio Batistaserved as Army Chief of Staff and wielded actual power
Background image
Batista Presidency 1940-44Fulgencio Batista(r. 1940-44, 1952-59) elected presidentFrom mixed race, impoverished familyUsed ethnicity, military service, bribes to draw support from non-white working class, military, and journalists, clergy, union leadersAppeased communists and workers with fairer labor lawsSupported capitalism and pro-US business policiesCuba allied with the US in World War IICuban economy prospered from sugar exports during warConstitutionally prohibited from serving second termEmigrated to US with majority of Cuban national treasuryWeakened his successor, Dr. Ramón Grau San Martn(r. 1933-34, 1944-48)US repealed Platt Amendment (1934), controlled 75% of sugar production by 1940sCattle barons, industrialists, plantation owners granted monopolies by the government
Background image
Cuban Political TurmoilAuténticoParty: founded in 1933Largest opposition party to Batista; nationalistic, corporatistOrtodoxoParty: founded in 1947, splintered from AuténticoLeft-wing, nationalistic, anti-imperialist, anti-corruptionAdvocated social reforms, economic and political independenceGrau (r. 1944-48) and Carlos Prío Socarrás(r. 1948-52) elected as Auténtico presidentsRewarded supporters with top positionsTransformed supportive violent gangs into private army and secret policeBribery and violence used against oppositionAbandoned socioeconomic reforms for support of wealthy businessmen, plantation owners, US corporations
Background image
Image of page 7

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 52 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture