PSY 3341 EXAM #1 Chapter 1: Nature of Development - 3 Domains of Development : - Biological/Physical Processes – - Produce changes in an individual’s physical nature. Genes inherited from parents, the development of the brain, height and weight gains, nutrition, etc. are all examples of biological processes. - Changes in body and in ways a person uses his or her body. - Effects of aging - Genes/environment, prenatal, physical self, perception, sexuality, death. - Cognitive Processes – - Refer to changes in the individual’s thought process, intelligence, and language. For example, putting together a two-word sentence, memorizing a poem, imagining what it would be like to be a movie star all involve cognitive processes. - Involves gains, declines, and changes in reasoning and thinking, language, acquisition, and the ways individuals gain, store, and remember or recall knowledge of environments. - Cognition/Piaget, Learning and Memory, Intelligence, Language and Achievement - Socioemotional/Psychosocial Processes – - Involve changes in the individual’s relationship with other people, changes in emotions, and changes in personality. An infant’s smile in response to a parent’s touch, a toddler’s aggressive attack on a playmate, a school-age child’s development of assertiveness, and the affection of an elderly couple all reflect the influence of socioemotional processes on development. - Concerns changes in feelings and emotions as well as changes in how individuals relate to other people - Personality, Gender, Social Cognition and Moral, Attachment, Family - How Biological, Cognitive, and Socioemotional are connected: - They are bidirectional – they can influence one another. - They are inextricably intertwined. - How does your textbook define development?: - Development – - The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span.
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