Unformatted text preview: what they interpreted autonomy as; complete isolation from other cities and regions. One example of this is Mantinea in 385. Sparta separated all the villages of Mantinea, which had been established for years. Sparta also did the same thing with Olynthus in 380. However, upon trying to try the same thing with Thebes, the Thebans put up a strong resistance and eventually defeated the Spartans in a land battle in Leuctra outside of Thebes in 371, thus ending Spartan hegemony and starting the very brief Theban hegemony. Theban hegemony ends not even ten years later after the death of their well respected leader Epaminondas whom spearheaded the invasion of Laconia which liberated the Helots and freed Messenia. The simple idea is that when you have everyone attacking each other, especially their own race, it is quite hard to unite and live in peace....
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course CAMS 100 taught by Professor Lunt,davidjames during the Fall '07 term at Penn State.
- Fall '07