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Chloe BerberianBronziniAP Psych29 Aug 2019Section 11.What is psychology? What are its goals? Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The four main goals of psychology are to be able to describe, explain, predict and control the behavior and mental processes of others2.How did psychology develop from its prescientific roots in early understandings of mind and body to the current, more empirical approaches?Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle started the debate of whether mind and body are connected or distinct, and whether human ideas are innate or result from experience. More recent philosophers, such as John Locke, added to the debate with more modern scientific reasoning.3.How have biology and philosophy shaped the development of psychology?With advances in biology, psychology has been able to expand due to the knew knowledge of thebrain and its functions. Philosophy was the first way of looking at and studying behavior.4.What are the major trends and specialties in psychology?There are many different specialties in psychology. Some major specialties would be counseling psychologists, experimental psychology, and applied psychology. 5.In examining behavior, how have the varying perspectives from structuralism and functionalism tothe major current views affected the field?Structuralism pushed psychology to be more experimental and functionalism helped make psychology focus on solving real problems.6.What are the distinguishing features of the major domains and subfields of psychology?The distinguishing features of the major domains and subfields of psychology are where they are applied. So, cognitive psychology would be applied in an educational or business setting.7.What are the contributions of the major figures in early psychology?The major figures in early psychology largely contributed to psychology by providing their research on the starting theories in psychology. If it weren’t for the early figures, psychology probably wouldn’t be what it is today.