A & P Quiz 1 notes chapter 1-5 (1).docx - Quiz 25 multiple...

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Quiz 25 multiple guess Chapter one 1. P5. Table 1-1 characteristics s of life a. Responsiveness – ability of an organism to sense, monitor, and respond to changes in both its external and internal environments b. Conductivity – capacity of living cells to transmit a wave of electrical disturbance from one point to another within the body c. Growth – organized increase in the size and number of cells and therefore an increase in size of the individual or a particular organ or part d. Respiration – exchange of respiratory gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between an organism and its environment e. Digestion – process by which complex food products are broken down into simpler substances that can be absorbed and used by individual body cells f. Secretion – production and release of important substances, such as digestive juices and hormones, for diverse body functions g. Excretion – removal of waste products from the body h. Circulation – movement of body fluids containing many substances from one body area to another in a continuous, circular route through hollow vessels i. Reproduction – formation of new individual offspring 2. P6. Levels of organization a. Chemical level (atoms, molecules, macromolecules) b. Organelle level (mitochondria, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)) c. Cellular level (Cells) d. Tissue level (epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous) e. Organ level (each organ has a unique shape, size, appearance, and placement in the body.) f. System level (involves varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged so that together they can perform complex functions for the body g. Organism level – defined as a structure made up of several different kinds of tissues arranged so that together, they can perform a special function h. System level – level of organization that involves carrying numbers and kinds of organs arranged so that together they can perform complex functions for the bod Water is an example of a molecule and Heart is an example of an organ 3. P. 9 Directional terms a. Superior and inferior b. Anterior and posterior c. Medial and lateral d. Proximal and distal e. Superficial and deep 4. P10 Planes a. Sagittal – right to lef b. Coronal – front to back or anterior to posterior c. Transverse – top to bottom or superior to inferior 5. P 14 Regions
a. Right hypochondriac region b. Epigastric region c. Lef hypochondriac region d. Right lumbar (flank) region e. Umbilical region f. Lef lumbar (flank) region g. Right iliac (inguinal region h. Hypogastric (pubic) region i. Lef iliac (inguinal) region Chapter 2 6. P25 figure 2-1 systems and function Integumentary Separates internal environment from eternal environment, providing stability of internal fluid volume Skeletal Supports and protects internal environment, allowing movement; stores minerals that can be moved into and out of internal fluid Muscular Powers and directs movements; provides heat Nervous

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