CHEM1212- CHAPTER 19.docx - CHEM1212-CHAPTER 19 Organic chemistry DEFINITIONS •Organic Chemistry The study of carbon-containing compounds typically

CHEM1212- CHAPTER 19.docx - CHEM1212-CHAPTER 19 Organic...

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CHEM1212 -CHAPTER 19 : Organic chemistry. DEFINITIONS : •Organic Chemistry: The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically those with C–C and/or C–H bonds •R: symbol in a general formula standing for an organic group that has one available bond •Functional Group: A structural subunit in organic molecules that imparts characteristic chemical and physical properties •Polymer (Macromolecule): Very large molecule with high molar mass formed by bonding together a large number of small molecules of low molecular mass •Monomer: Small molecule that bonds with others like it to form polymers •Oligomer: Molecule that contains a few monomers; the middle ground between small molecules and polymers ALKANES : Alkanes are hydrocarbons in which all the bonds are single bonds with the general formula CnH2n+2 Alkenes are hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon-carbon double bond; general formula CnH2n Alkynes are hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon-carbon triple bond; general formula CnH2n-2
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Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Alkenes, alkynes that can combine with H2 to form alkanes in a process called hydrogenation
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  • Fall '19
  • Functional group

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