Persuasive Research - Mascareno 1 Maddy Mascareno Mr...

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Mascareno 1Maddy MascarenoMr. HamiltonAP Language and Composition01 May 2019 Electoral CollegeEvery four years, there is an election to determine the new or returning president and vicepresident of America. Citizens do not vote for the presidential candidates directly, in a popular vote. Instead, they vote to elect specific people, known as electors to the college. In order to secure the title, the candidate must receive at least 270 Electoral College votes out of the possible538. The Electoral College votes are meant to represent each state’s opinions and beliefs of the superior presidential candidate. Each state gets a certain number of electoral votes based on its population. Although the popular vote does not directly decide the president, it does guide the decisions of electors. The last presidential election, between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, was impacted by the system greatly. Although Clinton won the popular vote, Trump prevailed as president because of the Electoral College. Due to events such as the previous election, a majority of the American people wish to get rid of the Electoral College. Even politicians such asElizabeth Warren, a democratic senator planning to run in the 2020 presidential election, have complaints about how the electoral college does not reflect the views of the people. Despite this belief, it has been both efficient and effective as a system for the presidential election for over two centuries. Since its creation, the Electoral College has been successful in protecting against the domination of the popular vote, defending against domination of large populated states, and continuing to have faithful and devoted electors to represent each state.In 1787, at the constitutional convention, the current presidential election system was
Mascareno 2created and proposed. The electoral college’s main purpose was to maintain equality within voting and elections. The founding fathers knew the risk of democracy and majority, for they hadseen it fail time and time again. The Electoral College was a perfect compromise between democracy and power of the government within the United States. In Federalist No. 10, James Madison wrote, “Measures are too often decided, not according to the rules of justice and the rights of the minor party, but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority.” The importance of the presidential election system is to have balance and equality with voting across the nation. It gives every voter a say even in the small, more rural parts of the United States.

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