nurs6501week6_RasmussenAJ.docx - ACUTE VERSUS CHRONIC ASTHMA Acute Versus Chronic Asthma Amy Jo Rasmussen Walden University January 1 2018 ACUTE VERSUS

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ACUTE VERSUS CHRONIC ASTHMA Acute Versus Chronic Asthma Amy Jo Rasmussen Walden University January 1, 2018
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ACUTE VERSUS CHRONIC ASTHMA Acute Versus Chronic Asthma Asthma is one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases in the world (Horak et.al., 2016). Although it is not a new phenomenon, asthma continues to be an ongoing issue in the healthcare world when it comes to education and treatment. Huether & McCance (2017) states that asthma affects over 30 million Americans with it mainly being diagnosed during childhood. Manifestation of asthma can happen after a child is exposed to a high level of allergens, smoking, air pollution or have reoccurring respiratory infections. This paper will talk about the differences between chronic asthma and acute exacerbation of asthma. Pathophysiology When allergens are exposed to bronchial mucosa, it generates the dendrite cells. These cells help to inspire the antigens within the T-helper Cells that release cytokines and interleukins. Both of these cells stimulate plasma cells and eosinophils. These interactions lead to airway obstruction (Huether & McCance, 2017). IgE is created from the plasma cells and causes degranulation with histamine response. When histamines are released, inflammation appears which leads to edema and bronchospasms.
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