Asthma and Stepwise Management Candice Thomas NURS 6521 Advanced Pharmacology Walden University September 14, 2019
Asthma Management Several drugs can be used to treat asthma efficiently. Most patients with asthma need medications for long-term control or fast relief. Also, immunotherapy can be a significant way to treat asthma. Any asthma patient, irrespective of the severity of their asthma, needs a "short-acting beta-adrenergic bronchodilator agonist" and Anticholinergics to assist rapidly relieve severe symptoms (Huether & McCance, 2017). The bronchodilators assist to expand the pathways into the lungs for young and old alike and they can also be used to clear the mucus residing in the lungs so that they can be readily coughed out (Horak, Doberer, Eber, Horak, Pohl, Riedler, & Studnicka, 2016). Long-term medication depends on how severe a condition is (Huether & McCance, 2017). I will discuss long term, short term and stepwise therapy to control asthmatic exacerbations.
Long Term Control Treatment Options for the Asthmatic Patient Long-term treatment options for control of chronic asthma are taken daily. As part of the regular therapy for those diagnosed with asthma, daily treatment is the way to retain control of symptoms and an option to prevent asthma attacks. Immunomodulator s: Omalizumab, Omalizumab is used as adjunctive therapy for patients >12 years of age who have allergies and severe persistent Asthma (National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, 2007). Inhaled corticosteroids : Used as anti-inflammatory drugs and prevent the airways from becoming inflamed (Mayo Clinic. 2019). • Examples: Singulair, Flovent, Advair, Pulmicort, Symbicort and QVAR. Some of the long-term medication drugs include: antileukotrienes or leukotriene modifiers, cromolyn sodium, inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting inhaled beta2- agonists, methylxanthines, oral corticosteroids, and immunomodulators (Drugs.com, 2019)
Quick Relief Options for the Asthmatic Patient
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- Nurs 6521 (Ladd & Hoyt, 2016)