CHAPTER 13 VOCAB - Kennedy Murray CHAPTER 13 VOCAB 1.Christian(northern renaissance)humanism-an intellectual movement in northern Europe in the late

CHAPTER 13 VOCAB - Kennedy Murray CHAPTER 13 VOCAB...

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KennedyMurrayCHAPTER 13 VOCAB1.Christian(northern renaissance)humanism-an intellectual movement in northern Europe in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries that combined the interest in the classics of the ItalianRenaissance with an interest in the sources of early Christianity2.ERASMUS-the most influential of Christian humanists who wrote The Handbook of the Christian Knight which said that Christianity should be a guide for life, not a system of dogmatic practices3.The Praise of Folly-written by Desiderius Erasmus, satirized ambitious and corrupt church officials4.THOMAS MORE-he held a government office and was a close friend of Erasmus. He still made time for religion though, and in 1516 he published Utopia5.Utopia-described a world in which cooperation and reason were the motivating agents for human society. It reflected the economic, social, and political problems of his time6.Pluralism-an official holding more than one office at a time7.INDULGENCES-a distinctive feature of the penitential system of both the Western medieval and the Roman Catholic Church that granted full or partial remission of the punishment of sin.8.Martin Luther-he was a lawyer, but after being saved in a storm he became a monk. There was a question that was nagging him though...How do I ensure salvation? He went to confession all the time but was always worried that he forgot something, so he became a theologian.9.Confession(penance)-One of the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church, provided forgiveness of ones sin10.JUSTIFICATION-The primary doctrine of the Protestant reformation teaching humans are saved not through good works but by the grace of god, through the sacrifice of Jesus11.NINETY-FIVE THESES-attacked the purpose of indulgences and the Pope treated him like ajoke.12.Peasants War-peasants in South Germany didn't get the benefits from the revived economy because their rulers were still abusing their power. Angered, they turned to Luther for support, but he denied them because he needed the support of German Princes for his cause13.TRANSUBSTANITION-A doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church during the Eucharist of the bread and wine
14.CHARLES V-he inherited a great amount of land (result of Habsburg marriage) and tried to keep his control over these lands. His other goal was to maintain the unity of the Holy Catholic Church15.DIET OF AUGSBURG-was requested by Emperor Charles V to decide on three issues: first, the defense of the Empire against the Ottoman threat; second, issues related to policy, currency

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