Chensi Wu-PHIL-Final.docx - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Philosophy(Final Exam 40%)Identify True (T) and False (F) Statements. All questions carry equal marks. (1*20=20)
) 2.The cosmological argument commits the "fallacy of composition" to the extent that itsuggests that just because everything in the universe has a cause, so also does the uni-verse in its entirety.
) 3.The teleological argument gets its name from the fact that it begins with an analysis ofthe nature of the concept "God."
) 4.Because the teleological argument for the existence of God begins with the assumptionthat God is (by definition) a designing creator, it is an a priori argument. (
) 5.The teleological argument for the existence of God is sometimes called the argumentfrom design because it claims that the order found in the world is caused by a designingand purposive creator. (
) 6.The teleological argument (or argument from design) for God's existence is a posterioriargument because it is based on our experience of order or purpose in the universe. ( T
7.The design argument for the existence of God shows how science explains the order anddesign of the universe without having to introduce an external mind to direct its develop-ment.
) 8.In Paley's teleological argument for the existence of God, the order and intricacy ofthings in the universe make sense only if an ordering and purposive mind is their cause.
) 9.The teleological argument for the existence of God is a posteriori argument since it basesits conclusion that a divine creator is responsible for the world on our experience of theorder and intricacy of the world. (
) 10. As part of his critique of the design argument, Hume claims that even if there is order inthe universe, that does not prove that there is any design or purpose in the universe.
11. In criticizing the teleological argument, Hume notes that there is no convincing evidencefor believing that the world has either a purpose or an order (other than one we read intoit).
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