special_ed_policy_manual.pdf - SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES A Manual of Policies Procedures and Guidelines M arch 2011 BRITISH COLUMBIA MINISTRY OF

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Unformatted text preview: SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES A Manual of Policies, Procedures and Guidelines M arch 2011 BRITISH COLUMBIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION Special Education Services: A Manual of Policies, Procedures and Guidelines © BC Ministry of Education Box 9159 Stn Prov Govt 4th Floor, 620 Superior Street Victoria British Columbia Canada V8W 9H3 S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L O F P OLI CI ES , P R OC E D UR E S A N D G U ID E L INE S ____________________________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iii Using this Manual ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iv Glossary -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- v A. Policy --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Special Education Policy ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 B. Roles and Responsibilities---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 B.1 Ministry of Education: Special Education --------------------------------------------------------------- 6 B.2 School Districts ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 6 B.3 Schools ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 B.4 Parents --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 B.5 Students ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 C. Developing an Individual Education Plan ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 12 C.1 An Overview of the Process ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 12 C.2 Identification & Assessment ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 13 C.3 Planning ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 C.4 Program Support & Implementation -------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 C.5 Evaluation of Student Learning -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20 C.6 Reporting Student Progress ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 20 C.7 Students with Different Cultural or Linguistic Backgrounds -------------------------------------- 21 D. Special Considerations: Services ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23 D.1 Learning Assistance Services --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23 D.2 Counselling in Schools ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 26 D.3 School Psychology Services ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 29 D.4 Speech-Language Pathology ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 D.5 Physiotherapy/Occupational Therapy ------------------------------------------------------------------ 33 D.6 Hospital Education Services ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 35 D.7 Homebound Education Services ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 36 D.8 Distributed Learning ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38 D.9 Funding Special Education Services - Update ------------------------------------------------------ 38 E. Special Needs Categories --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40 E.1 Considerations for Reporting ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40 E.2 Intellectual Disabilities ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41 E.3 Learning Disabilities ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 46 E.4 Gifted ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 52 E.5 Behavioural Needs or Mental Illness ------------------------------------------------------------------- 55 E.6 Physically Dependent -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 62 E.7 DeafBlind ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 66 E.8 Physical Disabilities or Chronic Health Impairments ----------------------------------------------- 69 BC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MARCH 2011 I S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L O F P OLI CI ES , P R OC E D UR E S A N D G U ID E L INE S ____________________________________________________________________________ E.9 Visual Impairments ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 73 E.10 Deaf or Hard of Hearing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 78 E.11 Autism Spectrum Disorder ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 84 F. Provincial Resource Program ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 90 F.1 Provincial Resource Programs- PRPs ----------------------------------------------------------------- 90 F.2 Eligibility for PRP Status ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 90 F.3 Procedures for Designation ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 91 F.4 List of Programs --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 92 G. Quick Reference - Internet Resources ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 96 H. Appendices ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 H.1 Accessible School Facilities Planning ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 H.2 Access to Equipment, Technology & Services -------------------------------------------------------- 2 H.3 Adjudication: Provincial Examinations ----------------------------------------------------------------- 11 H.4 Appeals: Resolution of Conflicts ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 12 H.5 Classification of Educational and Psychological Tests (Levels A-C)--------------------------- 13 H.6 Distributed Learning for Students with Special Needs --------------------------------------------- 16 H.7 Full Day Kindergarten -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 H.8 Inter-Ministry Protocols - Provision of support Services -------------------------------------------18 H.9 Removal Health Safety ---------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------- 20 H.10 Steps for Protection against Germs and Disease--------------------------------------------------21 H.11 Integrated Services & Case Management --------------------------------------------------------- 23 H.12 Children & Youth with Special Needs (CYSN) Framework for Action ------------------------ 23 H.13 Relevant Governing Legislation: School Act - Ministerial Orders ----------------------------- 25 H.14 Student Records: Use and Management ------------------------------------------------------------ 26 H.15 Summary: Distributed Learning Policy --------------------------------------------------------------- 27 H.16 Summary: Funding Special Needs Policy ----------------------------------------------------------- 31 H.17 Transition Planning --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34 H.18 Transportation ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 36 H.19 Work Experience ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 37 BC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MARCH 2011 S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L OF P O L I C I E S , P R O CE DU RES A ND G U IDE LI NES ____________________________________________________________________________ I N T R OD U CT I O N Introduction This resource conveys policies, procedures, and guidelines that support the delivery of special education services in British Columbia's public schools. It was originally published in 1995, following an extensive provincial Special Education Review (1993-94). The purpose of this manual is to provide a single point of reference regarding legislation, ministry policy and guidelines to assist school boards in developing programs and services that enable students with special needs to meet the goals of education. The manual also contains procedural information to assist in accessing programs and services provided at the provincial level. It is intended primarily for the use of principals, school-based teams and special educational professionals, but may also prove of interest to other professionals within the education, social service or health care communities, to parents and to members of the public at large. In preparing this manual in 1995, the Ministry of Education received valuable advice from a Special Education Advisory Committee, school district representatives, groups of specialist teachers and administrators, and associations throughout British Columbia. The ministry acknowledges the contributions of these many individuals and groups. Please direct any queries or comments to: Ministry of Education PO Box 9159, Stn Prov Govt Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Postal Code: V8W 9H3 Phone: (250) 356-8073; Fax: (250) 356-6161 Email Contact: [email protected] BC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MARCH 2011 III S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L OF P O L I C I E S , P R O CE DU RES A ND G U IDE LI NES ____________________________________________________________________________ I N T R OD U CT I O N Using this Manual This manual is divided into six sections (A to F), a quick reference guide (G), and a set of appendices (H), listed in the Table of Contents. A. Policy: provides policy for the delivery of special education programs and services in British Columbia. B. Roles and Responsibilities: outlines the roles and responsibilities of the ministry, school boards, district and school-based personnel, parents and students in the development and implementation of special education services. C. Developing an Individual Education Plan: describes the process of identifying students who have special needs, planning and implementing individual programs for them, and evaluating and reporting on their progress. D. Special Considerations - Services: describes the generic services that should be available in school districts to support service delivery. E. Special Needs Categories: defines the various kinds of students who have special needs and the essential elements that should be included in programs for them and the criteria that must be met for supplemental funding. F. Provincial Resource Programs: describes what these programs are and lists those currently designated across the province. G. Quick Reference – Internet Resources: provides a quick reference for online information websites. H. Appendices: includes information about facilities planning; access to equipment, technology and services; resolution of conflicts; classification of psychological tests; distributed learning; full-day K; graduation requirements; in-school nursing support services; use of student records; transition planning; transportation and work experience. BC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MARCH 2011 IV S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L OF P O L I C I E S , P R O CE DU RES A ND G U IDE LI NES ____________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY Glossary To ensure common interpretation, the definitions of terms used in this manual are being placed at the front of the document. 1. Adaptations are teaching and assessment strategies especially designed to accommodate a student’s needs so he or she can achieve the learning outcomes of the subject or course and to demonstrate mastery of concepts. Essentially, adaptations are “best practice” in teaching. A student working on learning outcomes of any grade or course level may be supported through use of adaptations. Adaptations do not represent unfair advantages to students. In fact, the opposite could be true. If appropriate adaptations are not used, students could be unfairly penalized for having learning differences, creating serious negative impacts to their achievement and self-concept. 2. Assessment is a systematic process of gathering information in order to make appropriate educational decisions for a student. It is a collaborative and progressive process designed to identify the student's strengths and needs, set goals, and results in the identification and implementation of selected educational strategies. 3. Collaborative consultation is a process in which people work together to solve a common problem or address a common concern. A successful collaborative process is characterized by the following features: it is voluntary; there is mutual trust and open communication among the people involved; identification/clarification of the problem to be addressed is a shared task; the goal is shared by all participants; each participant's contribution is valued equally; all participants' skills are employed in identifying and selecting problem-solving strategies; and there is shared responsibility for the program or strategy initiated. 4. A guardian of a person (in the wording of the School Act) "...when used in reference to a student or child, means guardian of the person of the student or child within the meaning of the Family Relations Act". 5. Inclusion describes the principle that all students are entitled to equitable access to learning, achievement and the pursuit of excellence in all aspects of their education. The practice of inclusion is not necessarily synonymous with integration and goes beyond placement to include meaningful participation and the promotion of interaction with others. 6. An Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a documented plan developed for a student with special needs that describes individualized goals, adaptations, modifications, the services to be provided, and includes measures for tracking achievement. 7. Integration is one of the major strategies used to achieve inclusion. With integration, students with special needs are included in educational settings with their peers who do not have special needs, and provided with the necessary accommodations determined on an individual basis, to enable them to be successful there. The principle of "placement in the most enabling learning environment" BC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MARCH 2011 V S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L OF P O L I C I E S , P R O CE DU RES A ND G U IDE LI NES ____________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY applies when decisions are made about the extent to which an individual student is placed in regular classrooms, or assigned to an alternate placement. 8. Mainstreaming is a term which was in use during the early years of the movement toward integration of students with special needs, but which has been replaced by the term "integration" (see definition for integration above). 9. Modifications are instructional and assessment-related decisions made to accommodate a student’s educational needs that consist of individualized learning goals and outcomes which are different than learning outcomes of a course or subject. Modifications should be considered for those students whose special needs are such that they are unable to access the curriculum (i.e., students with limited awareness of their surroundings, students with fragile mental/physical health, students medically and cognitively/multiply challenged.) Using the strategy of modifications for students not identified as special needs should be a rare practice. 10. A neighbourhood school is the school that students would normally attend if they did not have special needs. 11. Parent (in the wording of the School Act) "...means, in respect of a student or of a child registered under section 13, a) the guardian of the person of the student or child; b) the person legally entitled to custody of the student or child; or c) the person who usually has the care and control of the student or child". ( ) 12. A school-based team is an on-going team of school-based personnel which has a formal role to play as a problem-solving unit in assisting classroom teachers to develop and implement instructional and/or management strategies and to coordinate support resources for students with special needs within the school. 13. Special educational needs are those characteristics which make it necessary to provide a student undertaking an educational program with resources different from those which are needed by most students. Special educational needs are identified during assessment of a student; they are the basis for determining an appropriate educational program (including necessary resources) for that student. 14. Transition is the passage of a student from one environment to another at key points in his or her development from childhood to adulthood. 15. Transition planning is the preparation, implementation and evaluation required to enable students to make major transitions during their lives - from home or preschool to school; from class to class; from school to school; from school district to school district; and from school to post-secondary, community or work situations. BC MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MARCH 2011 VI S PE CIA L E D UC A T I ON S E RVI CES : A M A N U A L OF P O L I C I E S , P R O CE DU RES A ND G U IDE LI NES ____________________________________________________________________________ A. P O L I C Y A. Policy In 1995, a Special Education Policy Framework for British Columbia was established, following extensive consultation with education partners. This Policy Framework guided the development of legislation and guidelines for special education programs and services in British Columbia, and served as the foundation for the resource Special Education Services: A Manual of Policies, Procedures and Guidelines. A print copy of this historical Framework is available through Government Publications at: Title: Special Education Policy Framework For BC, (LRB039) Special Education Policy All students should have equitable access to learning, opportunities for achievement, and the pursuit of excellence in all aspects of their educational programs. Rationale Special education programs and services enable students with special needs to have equitable access to learning and opportunities to pursue and achieve the goals of their educational programs. Legislation/ regulations Special Needs Students Order M150/89: defines students with special needs, describes the obligation of school boards to consult with parents in the placement of students with special needs and describes policy regarding integration. Individual Education Plan Order M638/95: sets out the requirements for school boards to design and implement individual education plans for students with special needs. Student Progress Report Order M191/94: describes reporting requirements for students who have special need...
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  • Winter '20
  • BC Ministry of Education, PE CIA L E D

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