Paper 2 - Prenatal Testing 1 Prenatal Testing: Is it Right?...

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Prenatal Testing Prenatal Testing: Is it Right? University of Colorado- Boulder When a woman gets pregnant, there is a chance that she will have a child that is born with a disability. If the child is born and has a disability, the parents will need to know how and 1
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Prenatal Testing be able to provide the special care that the child will need to succeed. That is where prenatal testing comes in. Not only does it provide the parents with the knowledge of whether the child will be born with a disability, but also allows the parents to ready themselves and decide if they have the mean to support the extra costs and time that a child with a disability would need. The parents have the choice on whether or not they want the testing, and what they want to do be it abortion or have the child, but I feel that there are certain circumstances when prenatal testing is important to have. One form of prenatal screening is amniocentesis, where a sample of the amniotic fluid is taken from the mother’s uterus to test for birth defects (BabyCenter.com, 2006). Amniocentesis is especially good at testing for chromosomal defects and abnormalities. One of the disorders that this test is used to screen for is Down syndrome, Trisomy 21, an abnormality on the on the twenty-first chromosome where there are three chromosomes instead of two (Joe Berta, public presentation, 2007), and is said to be about ninety-nine percent accurate in diagnosing the disorder (BabyCenter.com, 2006). About one in eight hundred to one thousand babies born have Down syndrome, making it the most common genetic birth defect in babies (March of Dimes, 2007). This makes testing for Down syndrome through the use of amniocentesis something that every mother should consider. But there is a slight risk to having amniocentesis. There is a chance that amniocentesis can cause an infection in the uterus. This infection can cause a miscarriage. But this happens so infrequently that exact statistics on occurrence is near impossible to calculate (Mennuti, 1997). Also, there is a chance that the needle used to get the amniotic fluid can make contact with the baby. This usually does not cause much more then a little scratch on the baby, and is usually harmless (Mennuti, 1997). There have been cases where the needle does cause visible scars or 2
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Prenatal Testing more serious harm to the baby, but there have only been a few documented cases of this happening (Mennuti, 1997). With the knowledge that amniocentesis is not very dangerous to the mother or the child, it is a good idea to get this done to see if your child will have a disability. Having this test will allow the family to take the necessary steps to ensuring that the child will be able to succeed.
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Paper 2 - Prenatal Testing 1 Prenatal Testing: Is it Right?...

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