EDUC 518 Research Proposal.pptx - Parental Involvement in...

This preview shows page 1 out of 25 pages.

Unformatted text preview: Parental Involvement in Academics Research Proposal By Kirstein Krause EDUC 518 Liberty University Abstract: Parental involvement as well as home environment is imperative for a student’s achievement in school. Parents can play a major role in their child’s academic achievement, motivation and academic support. Teachers who have integrated parent involvement and partnerships with families have created more connected, multidimensional family-school environments. Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to describe how parental involvement and home environment has an effect on student achievement. It will emphasize the importance of partnerships with families though multidimensional relationships. Its purpose is to show that there are many essential factors that can affect the outcome of parental involvement and what we can do to increase the involvement in schools. The research will look at what studies have already been done in this area and how parents and teachers feel about parental involvement. Research Questions How does a child’s home environment affect their academics? How does a parent’s involvement affect a student’s success in school? Key Terms home environment socio-economic status parental involvement Definition of Key Terms Home Environment: Home environment refers to aspects of peoples domestic lives that contribute to their living conditions. “Home environment quality is a well-known predicator of school readiness”. (Forget-Dubois, 2009) “Moreover, children’s characteristics and attitudes to school as well as certain aspects of home learning environment explained a significant amount of variance in language and literacy”. (Hartas, 2012) Definition of Key Terms Cont’d… Parental Involvement: Parental involvement refers to the amount of participation a parent has when it comes to schooling and her child's life. “Homework involvement is a multicomponent construct including both quantitative and qualitative aspects ranging from concrete support to more complex guidance”. (Gonida, 2014) “Findings confirm that parent-child and parent-school involvement practices differentially influence student attitudes and behaviors, thereby indirectly affecting student achievement to carrying degrees”. (McNeal, 2014) Definition of Key Terms Cont’d… Socio-Economic Status: Socioeconomic status is the social standing or class of an individual or group. It is often measured as a combination of education, income and occupation. “As a result of the paucity of monetary resources, children from poor families always lack cultural capital”. (Lam, 2014) “…they asserted that socio-economic status of parents affects the following areas of the child’s school education: early attendance at school, provision of books and other materials, encouragement in school education, development of interest in school activities, academic and job aspirations”. (Aldoriah, 2015) There is a struggle in schools to get parents to volunteer for fundraisers, trips and class parties. Literature Review Parents play a big role in their children's lives, especially within a school setting. We have seen a steady increase in the lack of parental involvement and communication, Literature Review Cont’d... Teachers believe parents are ignoring the rules of the classroom and sometimes overstepping the bounds. Teacher are already working so hard for their students from offering extra time and getting supplies. We need to see a better balance between teachers and parents. Literature Review Cont’d... Best thing parents can do for students is to be there and be activeinvolvement in school life.in “Parental is aand key factor children’s school achievement” (Goodall & Montgomery, 2014) As students get older, it is harder for parents to be involved (Jeynes, 2014) Literature Review Cont’d... A best practice for teachers would be to provide parents with information on how to help their children at home with what's being assigned in the classroom. (Nitecki, 2015) Parents and teachers need to help each other There is no “one size fits all” when it comes to parents-teacher communication and involvement (Nitecki, 2015) One approach might work great one year and not the next Review of Literature Cont’d... When the student gets older, the community can come and give When the school can give parents information aboutabout next steps information Schools can host college next steps, then it helps “facilitate parents’ confidence” (Jeynes, 2014) nights As a community we can utilize resources that will support our parents and what teachers have taught on. Hopefully this will help to create a positive and continuous cycle. Research Design The research design for this study is a Qualitive research design. This design is used to help see where there may be certain problems. The purpose behind using this design is so we can see how parental involvement in academics will influence students. This type of research design will call for a case study. “ Case study allows for gathering of necessary data within a real-life, school context”. (Gall, Gall, & Borg, 2015) Sampling Middle school and high school students Parents and teachers of these students All have to be willing to volunteer their time to the researchers • Parents will have to sign a waiver allowing them to participate in the study The research will take place in a school district close to the researchers, as the study will take some time Methods of Data Collection The case study design will use surveys, observations, and openended questionnaires to see how students compare if they have parental involvement or not. Survey of parents Used to see which parents are involved in the school and which ones were not Surveys to parents will include the yes or no question of if they are involved in their students’ school and then explain their answer Observations in school Methods of Data Collection Cont’d… • To be conducted during a normal school day • Observations of interactions with students and teachers, grading and the overall academic achievements. Open-ended questionnaires • Completed by teachers, students, and parents • Share views on the current dynamic between the parents and the teachers • Also what can be improved Data— Analysis Procedure s Numerical data is not required for this case study The data gathered from the experiment will be used to draw up a conclusion on the dynamic between parents and their involvement in academics DataAnalysis Procedures Cont’d… We will look at the differences between the parents that are involved and the parents that are not This allows researchers to look at the impact that parents have on their children and their overall performance in the classroom Ethics and Human Relations Different ethnic groups will also be observed for the dynamic The information between different ethnic groups will stay separate and anonymous Ethics and Human Relations Cont’d… Approval will have to be obtained from schools to participate in the study Waivers will have to be obtained from the parents to participate if the child is under 18 years old Timeline The research will begin at the beginning of the year and last all year Surveys of the students will be from August until winter break Observations will be conducted from January to spring break The information will be presented to the school board at the end of the year References: Alordiah, C. O., Akpadaka, G., & Oviogbodu, C. O. (2015). The influence of gender, school location and socio-economic status on students' academic achievement in mathematics. Journal of Education And Practice, 6(17), 130-136. Forget-Dubois, N., Dionne, G., Lemelin, J., Perusse, D., Tremblay, R. E., & Boivin, M. (2009). Early child language mediates the relation between home environment and school readiness. Child Development, 80(3), 736-749. Froiland, J. M., & Davison, M. L. (2014). Parental expectations and school relationships as contributors to adolescents’ positive outcomes. Social Psychology of Education, 17(1), 1-17. doi:10.1007/s11218-0139237-3 Gonida, E. N., & Cortina, K. S. (2014). Parental involvement in homework: Relations with parent and student achievement-related motivational beliefs and achievement. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 84(3), 376-396. doi:10.1111/bjep.12039 Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borg, W. R. (2015).Applying educational research: How to read, do, and use research to solve problems of practice. Hoboken, NJ: Pearson. References: Goodall, J., & Montgomery, C. (2014). Parental involvement to parental engagement: A continuum. Educational Review, 66(4), 399-410. doi:10.1080/00131911.2013.781576 Hartas, D. (2012). Inequality and the home learning environment: Predictions about sevenyear-olds' language and literacy. British Educational Research Journal, 38(5), 859-879. Jeynes, W. H. (2014). Parental involvement that works … because it’s age-appropriate. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 50(2), 85-88. doi:10.1080/00228958.2014.900852 Lam, G. (2014). A theoretical framework of the relation between socioeconomic status and academic achievement of students. Education, 134(3), 326-331. References: Mirjana Ule, Andreja Živoder & Manuela du Bois-Reymond (2015) ‘Simply the best for my children’: patterns of parental involvement in education, International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 28:3, 329-348, DOI: 10.1080/09518398.2014.987852 McNeal, R. J. (2014). Parent involvement, academic achievement and the role of student attitudes and behaviors as mediators. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2(8), 564-576. Nitecki, E. (2015). Integrated school-family partnerships in preschool: Building quality involvement through multidimensional relationships. School Community Journal, 25(2), 195-219. Wambiri, G. N., & Ndani, M. N. (2015). Relative contributions of caregivers' level of education, role definition and average household income to caregiver involvement in children's emergent reading. Journal of Education And Practice, 6(24), 108-115. ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture