How much congruence do you think there is between your actual, ideal, and ought selves? How does this affect how you think, feel, and act? With Carl Rogers his theory was built on a significant deeply insight into the human condition. He believed the theory, the man, and the life are interlaced. In our everyday life, we as individuals believe that we experience an objective world of reality. When we come across something that we see occurring, we as individuals believe it exists as how we saw it. Now, when we are in the process of telling others about the events of that day, we believe that we are telling them what really happened. We, as individuals are very confident about our objective knowledge of the objective reality that we hardly find ourselves questioning it, but Roger did. He was able to explain, “I do not react to some absolute reality, but to my perception of this reality” (Rogers, 1951, 1977, p. 206, emphasis added). The “reality” that we observe is really a “private world of experience…., the phenomenal field” (Rogers, 1951, 1977, p. 207). The individual constructs this inner world of experience and the construction reflects the outer world of reality and the inner world of experience, needs, goals, and beliefs. Now, the inner psychological needs shape the experiences of the subjective that we as individuals interpret as objectively real. With Rogers, he put emphasis on the importance to personality functioning of
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- Fall '15