Peloponnesian War.docx - David Guiher Ancient History Week...

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David Guiher Ancient History 12/9/16 Week 11 day 2 Peloponnesian Wars The Peloponnesian Wars started in 431 B.C. These wars were fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian league, which was formed by Sparta. After the Persian Wars, Athens grew into a powerful and corrupt empire. The Athenians believed that since they were the main cause of the Persian defeat, the rest of Greece should show their appreciation by letting them become the leaders of Greece. The Spartans did not like this, so they and their allies started attacking Athens. These Wars are divided into three major parts; the first being the Achidamian War which lasted from 431 B.C. to 421 B.C. The second part is called the Sicilian Expedition which lasted until 413 B.C. The third and final part of the war, called the Decelean War, lasted until 404 B.C. The causes of the wars were many, but a few most important ones are these: Athens was gaining too much power, Sparta was jealous of them, and Corinth urged the Spartans to fight Athens. The first of these was due to Athens forming the Delian League during the Persian Wars, since they were the main force defending against the Persians the other Greek city-states gave them many gifts and riches. The Athenians used the gifts to build a great empire and to rebuild

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