Week 1. (Sep Oct 1-3) Strongmen and Reformers Krauze, Mexico: Biography of Power , 1-118 - Antotio Lopez de Santa Anna Bio: - army officer and statesman who was the storm centre of Mexico’s politics during such events as the Texas Revolution (1835–36) and the Mexican-American War (1846–48). - How did Antonio López de Santa Anna come to power? - Santa Anna gained much prestige in 1829 when he fought against Spain ’s attempt to reconquer Mexico , and he became known as the Hero of Tampico . This surge of glory helped him gain the presidency in 1833 as a federalist and an opponent of the Roman Catholic Church ; in actuality, however, he established a centralized state . - What was Antonio López de Santa Anna most famous for? - In 1836 Santa Anna marched into Texas to quell a rebellion primarily by U.S. settlers there. During this expedition, Texas declared its independence from Mexico. His army defeated Texan forces at the Alamo and Goliad before moving eastward to the San Jacinto River , where he was defeated and captured by Gen. Sam Houston . - What was Antonio López de Santa Anna’s legacy? - Santa Anna possessed a magnetic personality and real qualities of leadership, but his lack of principles, his pride, and his love of military glory and extravagance, coupled with a disregard for and incompetence in civil affairs, led Mexico into a series of disasters and himself into ill repute and tragedy. - Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna had many large “Haciendas” large estate/plantation. Land served as fortress, political retreat, headquarter, etc. food - His power base - Haciendas - Bureaucracy in his home state (Veracruz) - Bureaucracy at the national level (Santanistas) - The military, hence he appointed whoever he wanted and extract from that persons - He was a career mil man hence - Played role in texas revolution - The alamo - Battle of san jacinto - Met anderson jackson - Veracruz return 1838 - France blockade veracruz - Lost leg
- 1854 died in exile Mexican American War 1846-1848, caudillos(mil or pol leader) - Maps of Mexico - US troops interacting with Mexican factions, Yucatan - George William Rendall- war correspondent, Pony Express, Daguerreotypes(ol’ fashion photos) - Pony Express - mail service delivers messages, newspapers, and mail using relays of horse-mounted riders - 1860-61, between Missouri and California in the United States of America .