L07-08 Soviet Union 19Feb19.pptx - L07-08 The Soviet...

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L07-08: The Soviet Union’s War HIST 2216: The Second World War Dr. Waqar Zaidi LUMS Spring 2019 1941 – 1943
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Contents Aims and Objectives June – Dec 1941 : Barbarossa: The Plan and its Failure 1942 : The Revamped Invasion Sept 1942 – Feb 1943 : The Siege of Stalingrad July 1943 – 1944 : German Retreat
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June – December 1941 The Failure of Barbarossa
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‘Barbarossa’ Invasion Plan By October 1940 it was clear that Britain could not be immediately invaded So Hitler began plans to invade the Soviet Union But why? Why not just settle for current situation, or defeat Britain? See Parker Reading Needed time to build-up large armies Dec 1940 Hitler finalised Operation Barbarossa Plan: Panzer groups to break out and encircle and destroy Soviet armies in 3 weeks
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Europe, May 1941
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‘Barbarossa’ Invasion Plan Liddell Hart, History of the Second World War (1970) Dnieper-Dvina river line
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Why did Hitler go through with Barbarossa? Clip: War of the Century (BBC) episode 1: 8:10 – 10:00
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Delayed Start The attack was supposed to start in May, but was delayed until 22 June 1941 Question: Why? But late snow melt, so many rivers unpassable even in June Also, German forces delayed by a month because of the sudden need to invade Yugoslavia and Greece June 1941
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1941: Forces on the Soviet Front Perspective: Germany had invaded Poland with 65 divisions, and France with 136 divisions
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Germany Invades, 22 June 1941
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Quick Gains 21 July, 1941
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Early Successes…but…. Germany invades 22 June 1941 Soviet weaknesses: poorer operationally, lack of experienced officers (due to Purges), too far forward (e.g. 30 miles from border), caught by surprise First 3 weeks had great encirclements: First week
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