Macaques and malaria presentation FINAL.ppt - Macaques and...

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Macaques and Malaria This resource has been developed by the Association for Science Education for their RCUK funded series ‘Research focused teaching resources to inspire students in STEM Careers’
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The global research context The World Health Organisation reports that…. “In 2013, an estimated 437 000 African children died before their fifth birthday due to malaria. Globally, the disease caused an estimated 453 000 under-five deaths in 2013.” Photo credit: CDC/ James Gathany Malaria is a disease affecting countries around the world. It is specifically targeted in the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals. Scientists around the world are engaged in collaborative research into how to prevent the spread of this deadly transmissible disease and how to treat it. The worldwide battle against malaria…
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Your BIG Research question… How can a field work survey help explain why there has been an increase in macaque carried malaria ( Plasmodium knowlesi ) in Borneo?
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Research summary Historically, malaria in Borneo was caused by Plasmodium falciparum , a tiny parasite which hitches a ride in mosquitoes and is transmitted to people through its bite. But now people in Borneo are more likely to be infected with a parasite called Plasmodium knowlesi , which is just as severe in people as Plasmodium falciparum , even though the infection is mild in its usual targets of short-tailed and pig-tailed macaque monkeys. The researchers are combining the aerial photographs produced from the drones with data from humans carrying GPS trackers and monkeys wearing GPS collars. They are also adding data on P. knowlesi cases in hospitals and mosquito abundance.” Questions… 1.How is malaria normally transmitted to humans? 2.What is unusual about how the P. knowlesi is passed to humans? 3.In this photo is there a correlation between the condition of the forest and the location of the macaques?
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