Unformatted text preview: Sociology Final Exam Essays Please answer the questions thoughtfully and COMPLETELY with rationale for your perspective. Also adhere to the rubric and make the connections to things we’ve looked at when/where it’s applicable….i.e. is this related to culture, functionalist theory, etc. You may use notes and/or internet sources to aid in providing a complete answer with relevant data, facts, images, etc. * You must also choose one of the starred questions to present your thoughts/findings/connections to on exam day. Your time limit is 3 minutes…please plan on adhering to this. 1. What is deviance? What is conformity? What makes something deviant? What is social control? What systems of social control do we have in our society? How do our social theories explain why individuals and groups of individuals in our society are deviant? 2. What is ethnocentrism? What is a positive aspect of ethnocentrism? What is a negative aspect? Think of some examples of when you were ethnocentric and explain what your thoughts and actions were. Continued: Is This Ethnocentrism? Before exchange students actually go to the country they are going to study in they are briefed on what to expect in that country. Basically, the idea is to avoid as much culture shock as possible and inform them on how to get along in the specific country. The following is quoted directly from a pamphlet given to German exchanged students coming to the United States to study in 2000. • Americans say “Hello” or “How are you?” when they see each other. A long answer is not expected; just answer “Thank you, fine. How are you?” • Using deodorant is a must. • American women usually shave their legs and under their arms. Women who don’t like to do this should consider wearing clothes that cover these areas. • Try not to talk with other Germans in German if Americans are around; this could make them feel uncomfortable. • Please consider the differences in verbal communication styles between Americans and Germans. The typical German speaking style sounds abrupt and rude to Americans. Keep this in mind when talking to Americans. • Be polite. Use words like “please” and “thank you.” It is better to use these too often than not enough. Also, be conscious of your voice and the expression on your face. Your voice should be friendly, and you should wear a smile. • Keep yourself out of any discussions about race, sex, religion, or politics. • Be open-‐minded; don’t make judgments based on past experiences in Germany. • Be aware that there are a lot of different cultures in the United States. Don’t be quick to judge these cultures; this could hurt people’s feelings. • Do it the American way and try to intermingle with the Americans. Think positive. Parrillo, Vincent N. (2000). Strangers to These Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon Publishing. 3. Now is this ethnocentrism? Why? What do you think about some of the bullet points? Is it the wording what causes us to conclude that this is ethnocentric? How do we become ethnocentric? What happens in our socialization that causes ethnocentric attitudes? Describe a link to something in your own socialization that specifically relates to some ethnocentric attitudes you have. 4. The educational system has been considered a gender, race, and social class sorting
machine. What perspective do you take on this issue? How do you see this working in your
own school? Describe in detail! ****
5. How has your education affected you? Which sociological theory or theories can you
apply to some of the experiences you have had? ****
6. Historically, who was education for? What were the goals of education? When did a
formal education emerge? What is the functionalist perspective of education? What is the
conflict perspective of education? What is the symbolic interactionist perspective of
education? Which perspective do you mostly agree with and why?
7. Discuss how socialization processes leads to differential treatment of men and women,
and how these processes have impacted your OWN views of this differential treatment.
Provide examples. ****
8. How do typical practices in advertising reproduce inequality in society? How do they
help to promote and create stereotypes? Think about race, class and gender in your
answer, and provide clear and relevant examples.
9. How do values, norms, sanctions, folkways and mores reflect culture? Use the United
States in your answer. How do these all come in to play in the transmission of American
culture and define us as uniquely “American? ****
10. In the nature v nurture debate the 2 sides disagree on what has the largest impact on
how we not only act, but also how we see the world. Which side do you agree mostly with
and why? How would an understanding of the nurture side help to gain a better
understanding of the Nazi movement in Germany or the rise of anti-American terror
groups such as Al-Qaeda? How have major agents of socialization further influenced you
and your core beliefs? Using the Nazis or Al-Qaeda..predict how their social institutions
would have been used to transmit significant values and core beliefs. ...
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- Summer '19