Why The Navy Sepoys Revolted - Why The Navy Sepoys Revolted...

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Why The Navy Sepoys Revolted Kylie Adams Period 1 Word Count:1840 The Sepoy Rebellion took place for many reasons. There are religious, technological, and political reasons on why the Navy Sepoys revolted, such as the East India Company, the gun cartridges, and the East India company forbade certain religious practices and traditions. (ThoughtCo) It is known in India as the first war of independence. It began (May 10, 1857) at Meerut as a mutiny among 35,000 Indian troops (sepoys) in the Bengal army.” (Encyclopedia) “In 1857, Indian soldiers rose up against their British commanders. They were joined by native rulers and thousands of ordinary people in a struggle that threatened to destroy British colonial power on the Indian subcontinent. The reasons behind the rebellion stretch back to the origins of British involvement in Indian affairs.” (Britannica) One of the many religious reasons, and the main cause of the Sepoy Mutiny, was that the gun cartridges that the Native soldiers had to use were supposedly drenched in pig and cow fat. “The pretext for revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle. To load it, the sepoys had to bite off the ends of lubricated cartridges. A rumour spread among the sepoys that the grease used to lubricate the cartridges was a mixture of pigs’ and cows’ lard; thus, to have oral contact with it was an insult to both Muslims and Hindus. There is no conclusive evidence that either of these materials was actually used on any of the cartridges in question. However, the perception that the cartridges were tainted added to the larger suspicion that the British were trying to undermine Indian
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traditional society. For their part, the British did not pay enough attention to the growing level of sepoy discontent.” (Britannica) Another religious reason on why the Native Sepoys revolted was because the British imposed religious Indian traditions and practices, such as Sati, which is a widow’s suicide by fire. “If historical facts are to be believed, the practice of sati was prohibited many times between 15th and 18th centuries. In 1500, Mughal Emperor Akbar Outlawed sati, and in 1663, Aurangzeb tried to end it again. Even the Portuguese, French and British, who came to India during the European colonial period, tried to stop sati. In 1850, the British hardened their rules against the practice. Sir Charles Napier ordered to hang to death any Hindu priest who presided over a widow burning. The princely states of India during that time were also pressured to rule out sati completely.” (theculturetrip) One last religious reason on why the Native Sepoys rebelled was because they feared that the British were also trying to force them to convert to Christianity. The Indians were fearing that the British were threatening their traditional way of life.
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