Rwandan Genocide - Kylie Adams Period 1 The Rwandan...

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Kylie Adams Period 1 May 25, 2019 The Rwandan Genocide Word Count: 1839 The Rwandan Genocide had many reasons for why it began. The Belgians had a great fear that their colonial rule was approaching its end. A few colonial rulers had strong feelings that by favoring the Hutu and trying to get back their power from the Tutsi, they could have and remain in that power for a long time. There were economic, political and social reasons that led to the Rwandan Genocide, and there was a huge amount of lives lost during this tragic moment in history. There were economic reasons for why the Rwandan Genocide happened. One of the reasons was because “The Tutsis, also known as Watutsis, were a nomadic people who began arriving in the Great Lakes region from Ethiopia some four hundred years ago. Eventually, the Tutsis settled amongst the Hutus – adopting their language, beliefs and customs. But economic differences between the groups soon began to form. The Tutsis as cattle-herders were often in a position of economic dominance to the soil-tilling Hutus. That is not to say that all Tutsis were wealthy and all Hutus were poor, but in many areas, like Rwanda, the minority Tutsis ruled the Hutus.”(PBS) Hutus did not like the idea of the Tutsis being “above” them. Another economic reason for why the Genocide started was because on April 6, 1994, Hutu President Habyarimana’s plane was shot down and he was killed outside the
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airport in Kaglai. “On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying Habyarimana and Burundi’s president Cyprien Ntaryamira was shot down over the capital city of Kigali, leaving no survivors. (It has never been conclusively determined who the culprits were. Some have blamed Hutu extremists, while others blamed leaders of the RPF.) Within an hour of the plane crash, the Presidential Guard, together with members of the Rwandan armed forces (FAR) and Hutu militia groups known as the Interahamwe (“Those Who Attack Together”) and Impuzamugambi (“Those Who Have the Same Goal”), set up roadblocks and barricades and began slaughtering Tutsis and moderate Hutus with impunity. Among the first victims of the genocide were the moderate Hutu Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana and her 10 Belgian bodyguards, killed on April 7. This violence created a political vacuum, into which an interim government of extremist Hutu Power leaders from the military high command stepped on April 9.” (History) One political reason that helped start the Genocide was that the government openly sponsored hate propaganda throughout Rwanda while using the radio as a way to spread it. Newspapers were also used and so were the schools. There were “Death lists” that were made and they had names and addresses of Tutsi people who should be targeted for murder. “ broadcasts played an important role in inciting ordinary citizens to take part in the massacres of their Tutsi, and moderate Hutu, neighbours. Two major radio stations transmitted hate propaganda to the illiterate masses-- Radio Rwanda , and Radio
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