APC Notes Chapter 5-6 - Chapter 5 The Power of Language...

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Chapter 5: The Power of Language Definitions Phonetics : Production and perception of sounds Morphology : How sounds combine to make words Syntax : Ordering of sounds to make sentences Semantics : Literal meaning of words and sentences Pragmatics : Meaning of sentences in context Discourse : the combination of language with other social practices discourse : language in-use Arbitrary : words are not intrinsically connected to what they represent Ambiguous : meaning of words aren’t clear-cut or fixed Abstract : not concrete or tangible Communication Rules : shared understandings of what communication means and what kind of communications are appropriate in particular situations Regulative Rules : regulate interaction by specifying when, how, where, and with whom to talk about certain things. Constitute Rules : define what communication means by specifying how to count or interpret specific kinds of communication. Communication Devices : things like speed, pacing, pausing, overlap, and interaction Totalizing : when we respond to a person as if one label totally represents who they are. Loaded Language : comprises words that strongly slant perceptions and thus meanings. Hate speech : language that radically dehumanizes others Speech Communities : use communication in different ways and attach different meanings to particular communicative acts Static Evaluation : assessment that suggests that something is unchanging Indexing : technique developed by early communication scholars to remind ourselves that our evaluations apply only to specific times and circumstances Discourse Meaning is socially constructed in Discourse communities The Symbolic Nature of Language Symbols are Arbitrary, Ambiguous, Abstract representations of other phenomena.
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