psy 3.5.docx - Name_Runpeng Hua Date_sep/24 Experiment Creation A Complete the following exercise using the example of the relationship between smiling

psy 3.5.docx - Name_Runpeng Hua Date_sep/24 Experiment...

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Name __Runpeng Hua________________________ Date ________sep/24___________________ Experiment Creation A: Complete the following exercise using the example of the relationship between smiling and number of friends. Then, create a hypothetical experiment that uses the same format, only you choose one of the types of research mentioned David Myers presents an example of the relationship between sleep and memory to show how a theory evolves into an operationally defined and replicable hypothesis. Study the text graphic in your eBook (page 39), then test your understanding by filling in the blanks of the graphic below for a different situation. Pretend you were a researched who was trying to study the relationship between how often a person smiles and the number of friends they make. Theory More smiles can increase the number of friends they make. Confirm, reject, or revision leads to…
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Hypothesis When similes decrease, people make less memory than usual. Operational Definition Smiling may be operationally defined as what an attitude expresses. leads to… Descriptive Research Complete the following chart as to how each method might be used to create the experiment. Descriptive Research Method Benefits Drawbacks Key Characteristics Case Study Case studies allow a lot of details to be collected that would not normally be easily obtained by other research designs. individual cases may mislead us if the individual is atypical. Unrepresentative information can lead to mistaken judgments and false conclusions. Provides insight for further research. Non-Experiment Qualitative research Method A detailed study of one's case which a lot of information is collected about a person, group, or event
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Naturalistic Observation It allows researchers to study things that cannot be manipulated in the lab because of ethical issues naturalistic observation does not explain behavior. Observe and record behavior in naturally occurring situations, rather than trying to manipulate and control them.
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Survey A huge amount of information Efficient scientific analysis Easy to manage Difficult to understand psychological surveys False information research technique for acquiring data B: Hypothetical Experiment: describing, predicting, and explaining the fundamental principles of behavior and mental processes Theory: Use an integrated set of principles to organize observations and predict the interpretation of actions or events. Operational Definition: Statement of the process or method by which researchers measure behavior or quality Hypothesis:Testable prediction, usually implied by theory IV and DV. DV is a variable that researchers want to study, mainly to find a solution or enhance it. Independent variables (IV) are variables that affect or affect DV.IV is the variance of DV.
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