midterm answers.docx - Critical Thinking Midterm...

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Critical Thinking Midterm Examination Name ___________________________ This exam contains 25 questions. Section 1 contains 20 multiple choice questions worth 1 point each. Section 2 contains 5 short answer questions worth 2 points each. Section 1: Multiple Choice. Choose only one answer. 1. What kind of causal relationship is being described below?Drinking coffee is correlated with feelings of anxiety. This is because having a stressful job causes feelings of anxiety, and also causes people to drink a lot of coffee. a) Common causeb) Minor causec) Indirect caused) Causal loop 2. Identify the fallacy in the following argument. Reporter: You’ve mentioned that the government needs to reduce spending, and that you therefore want to cut funding for healthcare. Do you think this will have a negative impact on middle class families? Politician: Look, what’s important here is that the spending is out of control. Just last week the government approved funding for a new public park that will cost millions of dollars. a) Ad Hominem b) Red Herring c) Straw Man d) Begging the Question
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3. What is the main problem in the argument below?I asked 100 Lingnan students about how often they went to see movies. Only 6 of them had been to see a movie in the past week! It seems very clear that most Hong Kongers don’t watch many movies. 4. Which of the following best characterizes validity? 5. Identify the fallacy in the following argument. Politician: In some cases, if a maid has not completed her duties or has broken the terms of her contract, it is acceptable for her employer to take appropriate action to correct her behavior.
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