Comprehensive Studying Guide Fall 2019.docx - Intro Psychology Exam 2 Study Guide Dr Phillips’ Section For optimal exam preparation I suggest you use

Comprehensive Studying Guide Fall 2019.docx - Intro...

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Intro Psychology, Exam 2 Study Guide Dr. Phillips’ Section For optimal exam preparation: I suggest you use your lecture notes and the textbook to answer these questions. Ideally you would go through these throughout the course and not just directly before the exam. Then use the practice quizzes and flashcards available on Canvas. Modules 26 (Thinking), 32-34 (Motivation): 1. What is a concept and what is a prototype ? Define the terms and provide two examples of each. 2. What are the four problem solving strategies that we discussed in class? Describe each strategy and how each might be used differently to solve a problem. Consider how the strategies might be used to decide: 1) what kind of job/career you choose after graduating; 2) where you should go for your next vacation; 3) deciding what present to buy your friend for his/her birthday; 4) what color you should paint your room [these are just examples of problems to “solve”; you can think of your own!] 3. What did the “Cheap Necklace Problem” demonstrate the importance of? 4. Define and provide at least one example of each of the following obstacles to problem solving (and explain why they’re obstacles): a. Confirmation bias b. Availability heuristic c. Functional fixedness, mental set (what’s the difference between these?) d. Framing effects e. Overconfidence bias f. Belief perseverance 5. Which of the above obstacles are you likely facing if you wait until the night before the exam to study and think you’ll do fine on the exam? 6. Define motivation and describe the three characteristics of motivation that psychologists study (activation, persistence, and intensity). If you consider a behavior, such as studying or running, how would you describe differences between individuals based on their activation, persistence, and intensity of motivation to engage in the behavior? 7. Describe each theory of motivation. For each theory, what kinds of behavior(s) does the theory explain well (what behaviors were the theories developed to explain); what kinds of behaviors does each theory not explain? 8. Define and provide an example of a drive and an incentive . What is the difference between these two things? 9. Why are the needs in Maslow’s theory of motivation in a hierarchy? What determines which motivation(s) are higher vs lower on the hierarchy? 10. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and what theory of motivation to they belong to? 11. What effect does glucose have in determining our eating behavior? 12. How do Wansink’s studies (bottomless bowl; ice cream studies) the experiments regarding sample size demonstrate the importance of environmental factors in our eating behaviors and obesity? 13. What effect does restrictive dieting have on our basal metabolic rate? And how does this effect contribute to obesity?
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14. What are the correlates (possible causal factors) of eating disorders? Why are eating disorders more common among women than men?
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