Chp 9 Notes - Chapter 9 Nationalism and Sectionalism Intro ● ● After war of 1812 British stopped interfering with American shipping 1828 young

Chp 9 Notes - Chapter 9 Nationalism and Sectionalism Intro...

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Chapter 9: Nationalism and Sectionalism Intro After war of 1812, British stopped interfering with American shipping. 1828, young agrarian republic was poised to become a sprawling commercial nation connected by networks of roads and canals as well as economic relationships. Tension between nationalism and sectionalism How to balance the national interest with the particular economic and social needs of the nation's three growing regions, North, South and West. The passions aroused by the expansion of slavery proved to be the most difficult to resolve. A New Nationalism After war of 1812, Americans won their independence from Britain for a second time and postwar surge of prosperity fed a widespread sense of optimism. Postwar Nationalism First message to Congress in 1815, Madison revealed how much the challenges of was, especially weaknesses of armed forces and federal financing had changed his attitudes toward the role of the federal government The Bank of The United States Madison and congressional republicans allowed the charter to First bank of US to expire in 1811 and nations financed fell. States began chartering local banks with no regulations, and their banknotes flooded the economy with different currencies of uncertain value. Second Bank of the U.S. (B.U.S) BUS was intended primarily to support a table national currency that would promote economic growth. Henry Clay and John C Calhoun created the new BUS in 1816 which was based in Philly. Bitter debate of BUS helped set the pattern of regional alignment for most other economic issues. Westerners opposed the national bank because it catered to eastern customers Controversy of BUS: Calhoun, introduced the banking bill and pushed it through, justifying its constitutionality by citing the congressional power to regulate currency Clay, argued that new economic circumstances had made it indispensable Webster, led opposition to the bank among the New England Federalist who feared the growing financial power. A Protective Tariff Americans believed they needed to develop their own manufacturing sector to end their dependence on imported British goods. Efforts to develop iron and textile industries began in New York and New England during embargo of 1807. Tariff of 1816, which placed a 20 to 25 percent tax on a long list of imported goods. Internal Improvements
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Third major element of nationalism in 19th cen involved federal financing of internal improvements Internal improvements - the construction of roads, bridges, canals, and harbors. 1817 John Calhoun put through the House a bill to fund internal improvements He believed a federally funded network of roads and canals in West would help his native south by opening up trading relationships between the two regions.
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