Chapter 2 notes .docx - Chapter 2 Notes – Theories of...

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Chapter 2 Notes – Theories of Development What theories do – every theory is an explanation of facts and observations, a set of concepts and ideas that organize the confusing mass of experiences that each of us encounters every minute. Developmental theory is a systematic statement of general principles that provides a framework for understanding how and why people change as they grow older. A norm is an average or usual event or experience. In the 1 st half in the 20 th century, two opposing theories – psychoanalytic theory and behaviorism (also called learning theory) – began as general theories of psychology, each with applications in the study of development. By mid-century, cognitive theory had emerged, becoming the dominate seedbed of research hypotheses. Psychoanalytic Theory: Freud and Erikson Freud Psychoanalytic theory originated with Sigmund Freud, an Austrian physician who treated patients suffering from mental illness.
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