ROTC Research Paper.docx - THE IMPRESSION ABOUT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROTC TO THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS A Partial Fulfillment of Practical

ROTC Research Paper.docx - THE IMPRESSION ABOUT THE...

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THE IMPRESSION ABOUT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROTC TO THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS A Partial Fulfillment of Practical Research I Researcher: Mechaella Marie M. Gallaza March 2019
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents 2 CHAPTER 1: Problem and the Background 3-7 Intoduction 3-5 Statement of the Problem 5 Significance of the Study 5-6 Definition of Terms 6-7 Scope and Delimitation of the Study 7 CHAPTER 2: Review Related Literature 8-11 Local Literature and Studies 8-9 Foreign Literature and Studies 10-11 CHAPTER 3: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations 12-14 Summary 12 Conclusions 13-14 Recommendations 14 2
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Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION The ROTC exist for a long time, a government program that prepare youth for military service and to be part of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Reserve Force. This reserve force is expected to fill the demands of the army in case of war or disaster. ROTC is one of the choice courses in the National Service Training (NSTP) program of the government, which aims to prepare youth for service in the country. Aside from ROTC, other courses in the program are the Civil Welfare Training Service (CWTS) and Literacy Training Service (LTS). NSTP is mandatory for all college students, based on the NSTP Law of 2001. However, students may chooses which of the NSTP courses they can take. Probably not everyone knows the word ROTC or Reserve Officer Training Corps is a well-known program of the government. It aims to train military discipline and skills. It is mandatory for students. There are others who are not allowed to experience such training as physically handicapped students or may be recommended by a doctor who cannot participate. Before the NSTP Law of 2001 was implemented, ROTC was taking over the colleges and had no civilian welfare and literacy component. Hazing or the use of violence in ROTC is normal in order to test the courage, mental strength and for being honest of a cadet. 3
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In fact, this hazing is the main reason why the NSTP Law of 2001 has been enacted. The 2001 hazing and killing of the University of Santo Tomas student Mark Welson Chua was the particular incident that resulted in the enactment of the NSTP Law of 2001. In 1992 that ROTC was first implemented and subject to the UP and the year 1935 made it mandatory for all colleges and universities. But in 2002 it was completely abolished because of the death of a cadet in the UST, it was brutal that the cadets were killed because of its exposure to ROTC training in UST, but it on February 27 2017 a law approved by President Duterte to bring back the ROTC. The Grade XI and Grade XII students is now required to join the ROTC. The president says, “ ROTC's residence is unique to former ROTC in the wake of corruption. He said the new ROTC is not worthy of corruption. No hazing and sexual harassment. The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) also pledged to have restrictions in order to prevent ROTC's bad happenings.
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